Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, which may be further impaired by viral infections. CF is therefore considered a comorbidity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and SARS-CoV-2 vaccine prioritization has been proposed for patients with (pw)CF. Poor outcomes have been reported in lung transplant recipients (LTR) after SARS-CoV-2 infections. LTR have also displayed poor immunization against SARS-CoV-2 after mRNA-based BNT162b2 vaccination, especially in those undergoing immunosuppressive treatment, mostly those receiving mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) therapy. We aimed to determine here the immunogenicity and safety of the BNT162b2 vaccine in our cohort of 260 pwCF, including 18 LTR. Serum levels of neutralizing anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA antibodies were quantified after the administration of two doses. PwCF displayed a vaccine-induced IgG and IgA antiviral response comparable with that seen in the general population. We also observed that the immunogenicity of the BNT162b2 vaccine was significantly impaired in the LTR subcohort, especially in patients undergoing MMF therapy. The BNT162b2 vaccine also caused minor adverse events as in the general population, mostly after administration of the second dose. Overall, our results justify the use of the BNT162b2 vaccine in pwCF and highlight the importance of a longitudinal assessment of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA neutralizing antibody response to COVID-19 vaccination.

Immunogenicity and Safety of the BNT162b2 COVID-19 Vaccine in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis with or without Lung Transplantation

Lucca, Francesca;Bezzerri, Valentino;Danese, Elisa;Olioso, Debora;Peserico, Denise;Boni, Christian;Cucchetto, Giulia;Montagnana, Martina;Meneghelli, Ilaria;Lippi, Giuseppe;Cipolli, Marco
2023-01-01

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is characterized by a progressive decline in lung function, which may be further impaired by viral infections. CF is therefore considered a comorbidity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and SARS-CoV-2 vaccine prioritization has been proposed for patients with (pw)CF. Poor outcomes have been reported in lung transplant recipients (LTR) after SARS-CoV-2 infections. LTR have also displayed poor immunization against SARS-CoV-2 after mRNA-based BNT162b2 vaccination, especially in those undergoing immunosuppressive treatment, mostly those receiving mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) therapy. We aimed to determine here the immunogenicity and safety of the BNT162b2 vaccine in our cohort of 260 pwCF, including 18 LTR. Serum levels of neutralizing anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA antibodies were quantified after the administration of two doses. PwCF displayed a vaccine-induced IgG and IgA antiviral response comparable with that seen in the general population. We also observed that the immunogenicity of the BNT162b2 vaccine was significantly impaired in the LTR subcohort, especially in patients undergoing MMF therapy. The BNT162b2 vaccine also caused minor adverse events as in the general population, mostly after administration of the second dose. Overall, our results justify the use of the BNT162b2 vaccine in pwCF and highlight the importance of a longitudinal assessment of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA neutralizing antibody response to COVID-19 vaccination.
BNT162b2, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, cystic fibrosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1082786
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