Background: This article provides a critical literature review and pooled analysis of diagnostic accuracy of the fully-automated Siemens SARS-CoV-2 Antigen (CoV2Ag) chemiluminescent immunoassay for diagnosis of acute SARS-CoV-2 infections. Methods: An electronic search was conducted in Scopus, PubMed and medRxiv using the keywords ["Siemens AND CoV2Ag"] OR ["Siemens AND SARS-CoV-2 AND antigen"] for capturing studies that investigated the accuracy of Siemens CoV2Ag for diagnosing acute SARS-CoV-2 infection against a reference SARS-CoV-2 molecular test. The retrieved information was used for constructing a 2 × 2 table and for calculating pooled diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, Summary Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (SROC) and Agreement. This study followed the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) reporting checklist. Results: Four studies totalling 1,310 respiratory samples (612 with high viral load) were finally included in our analysis. The cumulative area under the curve, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, were 0.964 (95% CI, 0.957-0.971), 86.9% (95% CI, 84.9-88.7%), 0.79 (95% CI, 0.76-0.82) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-0.99), respectively. The negative (NPV) and positive (PPV) predictive values were 0.77 (0.74-0.79) and 0.98 (95% CI, 0.96-99), respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity in samples with high viral load (i.e., Ct<29-30) was 0.95 (95% CI, 0.93-0.97). Conclusions: The Siemens CoV2Ag fully-automated and high-throughput immunoassay approximates the minimum performance criteria for general SARS-CoV-2 antigen testing and displays excellent performance in samples with high viral load, thus representing a valuable screening solution for risk assessment in COVID-19 and for limiting viral spread.
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