Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the best examples for depicting the relationship between inflammation and cancer. The introduction of new therapeutics targeting inflammatory mediators showed a marked decrease in the overall risk of CRC, although their chemopreventive potential is still debated. Specifically, a monoclonal antibody that blocks tumor necrosis factor (TNF), infliximab, increases CRC risk in inflammatory bowel disease patients. To address the axis between TNF and CRC development and progression, we depleted the Tnf from our previously established murine model of colitis-associated cancer (CAC), the Winnie-Apc(Min/+) line. We characterized the new Winnie-APC(Min/+-)TNF-KO line through macroscopical and microscopical analyses. Surprisingly, the latter demonstrated that the deletion of Tnf in Winnie-Apc(Min/+) mice resulted in an initial reduction in dysplastic lesion incidence in 5-week-old mice followed by a faster disease progression at 8 weeks. Histological data were confirmed by the molecular profiling obtained from both the real-time PCR analysis of the whole tissue and the RNA sequencing of the macrodissected tumoral lesions from Winnie-APC(Min/+-)TNF-KO distal colon at 8 weeks. Our results highlight that TNF could exert a dual role in CAC, supporting the promotion of neoplastic lesions onset in the early stage of the disease while inducing their reduction during disease progression.

Deletion of TNF in Winnie-APCMin/+ Mice Reveals Its Dual Role in the Onset and Progression of Colitis-Associated Colorectal Cancer

Vladia MONSURRO';
2022-01-01

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among the best examples for depicting the relationship between inflammation and cancer. The introduction of new therapeutics targeting inflammatory mediators showed a marked decrease in the overall risk of CRC, although their chemopreventive potential is still debated. Specifically, a monoclonal antibody that blocks tumor necrosis factor (TNF), infliximab, increases CRC risk in inflammatory bowel disease patients. To address the axis between TNF and CRC development and progression, we depleted the Tnf from our previously established murine model of colitis-associated cancer (CAC), the Winnie-Apc(Min/+) line. We characterized the new Winnie-APC(Min/+-)TNF-KO line through macroscopical and microscopical analyses. Surprisingly, the latter demonstrated that the deletion of Tnf in Winnie-Apc(Min/+) mice resulted in an initial reduction in dysplastic lesion incidence in 5-week-old mice followed by a faster disease progression at 8 weeks. Histological data were confirmed by the molecular profiling obtained from both the real-time PCR analysis of the whole tissue and the RNA sequencing of the macrodissected tumoral lesions from Winnie-APC(Min/+-)TNF-KO distal colon at 8 weeks. Our results highlight that TNF could exert a dual role in CAC, supporting the promotion of neoplastic lesions onset in the early stage of the disease while inducing their reduction during disease progression.
TNF
animal models
colon cancer
inflammation
ulcerative colitis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1082197
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