Background: Cochlear implantation (CI) following endoscopic transcanal infrapromontorial vestibular schwannoma (VS) dissection is a feasible intervention in intracanalicular VS, with minimal extension into the cerebellopontine angle, but no audiologic results have ever been reported in the literature. Methods: From 2015 to 2021 in the Otorhynolaryngology Departments of Modena and Verona, three patients underwent this intervention. All were suffering from sporadic left-sided intracanalicular Koos I VS. Intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses and electrophysiological measurements were performed before and after the placement of the electrode array, respectively. Since device activation one month after the surgery, each patient was followed up with audiometric tests, data logging, electrode impedance measurements and neural response telemetry performed at each scheduled fitting session at 15 days and 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Results: Only in patient No. 3, an auditory benefit was observed and still evident even 36 months after activation. Impedances increased progressively in patient No. 1 and a benefit was never reported. Patient No. 2 left the follow-up for worsening comorbidities. Conclusions: CI following transcanal infrapromontorial VS resection is a beneficial intervention. The residual cochlear nerve after the tumour dissection and the course of electrophysiological measurements in the postoperative period were the main predictive factors for audiological outcomes.

Cochlear Implantation Following Transcanal Infrapromontorial Approach for Vestibular Schwannoma: A Case Series

Virginia Dallari;Daniele Monzani;Daniele Marchioni;Davide Soloperto;Luca SACCHETTO
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: Cochlear implantation (CI) following endoscopic transcanal infrapromontorial vestibular schwannoma (VS) dissection is a feasible intervention in intracanalicular VS, with minimal extension into the cerebellopontine angle, but no audiologic results have ever been reported in the literature. Methods: From 2015 to 2021 in the Otorhynolaryngology Departments of Modena and Verona, three patients underwent this intervention. All were suffering from sporadic left-sided intracanalicular Koos I VS. Intraoperative electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses and electrophysiological measurements were performed before and after the placement of the electrode array, respectively. Since device activation one month after the surgery, each patient was followed up with audiometric tests, data logging, electrode impedance measurements and neural response telemetry performed at each scheduled fitting session at 15 days and 3, 6, 12 and 24 months. Results: Only in patient No. 3, an auditory benefit was observed and still evident even 36 months after activation. Impedances increased progressively in patient No. 1 and a benefit was never reported. Patient No. 2 left the follow-up for worsening comorbidities. Conclusions: CI following transcanal infrapromontorial VS resection is a beneficial intervention. The residual cochlear nerve after the tumour dissection and the course of electrophysiological measurements in the postoperative period were the main predictive factors for audiological outcomes.
inner ear; acoustic neuroma; skull base; simultaneous implantation; cochlear implant; normal contralateral hearing; tinnitus; case series
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1082072
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