OBJECTIVES: Indications for and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair are controversial. Among magnetic resonance imaging indices proposed to time valve replacement, a right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume index greater than 160 ml/m(2) is often used. Recent evidence suggests that this value may still identify patients with irreversible RV dysfunction, thus hindering recovery. Our goal was to define, using intraoperative video kinematic evaluation, whether a relationship exists between timing of PVR and early functional recovery after surgery.METHODS: Between November 2016 and November 2018, a total of 12 consecutive patients aged 27.1 +/- 19.1 years underwent PVR on average 22.2 +/- 13.3 years after tetralogy of Fallot repair. Mean RV end-diastolic volume evident on the magnetic resonance images was 136.9 +/- 35.7 ml/m(2). Intraoperative cardiac kinematics were assessed by video kinematic evaluation via a high-speed camera acquiring videos at 200 fps before and after valve replacement.RESULTS: Patients presenting with RV end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m(2) were significantly younger (11.2 +/- 5.0 vs 38.4 +/- 17.0; P = 0.005) and had a shorter time interval to valve replacement (11.0 +/- 5.2 vs 30.1 +/- 11.3; P = 0.03). The entire population showed a moderate correlation among energy expenditure, cardiac fatigue, perimeter of contraction and preoperative RV end-diastolic volume index. Both groups showed a reduction in all kinematic parameters after PVR, but those with end-diastolic volume >147 ml/m(2) showed an unpredictable outcome.CONCLUSIONS: Video kinematic evaluation provides insight into intraoperative RV recovery in patients with tetralogy of Fallot undergoing PVR. Accordingly, functional recovery can be expected in patients with preoperative end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m(2).

Right ventricular functional recovery depends on timing of pulmonary valve replacement in tetralogy of Fallot: a video kinematic study

Rozzi, Giacomo;Lo Muzio, Francesco Paolo;Sandrini, Camilla;Faggian, Giuseppe;Luciani, Giovanni Battista
2021-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Indications for and timing of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) after tetralogy of Fallot repair are controversial. Among magnetic resonance imaging indices proposed to time valve replacement, a right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume index greater than 160 ml/m(2) is often used. Recent evidence suggests that this value may still identify patients with irreversible RV dysfunction, thus hindering recovery. Our goal was to define, using intraoperative video kinematic evaluation, whether a relationship exists between timing of PVR and early functional recovery after surgery.METHODS: Between November 2016 and November 2018, a total of 12 consecutive patients aged 27.1 +/- 19.1 years underwent PVR on average 22.2 +/- 13.3 years after tetralogy of Fallot repair. Mean RV end-diastolic volume evident on the magnetic resonance images was 136.9 +/- 35.7 ml/m(2). Intraoperative cardiac kinematics were assessed by video kinematic evaluation via a high-speed camera acquiring videos at 200 fps before and after valve replacement.RESULTS: Patients presenting with RV end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m(2) were significantly younger (11.2 +/- 5.0 vs 38.4 +/- 17.0; P = 0.005) and had a shorter time interval to valve replacement (11.0 +/- 5.2 vs 30.1 +/- 11.3; P = 0.03). The entire population showed a moderate correlation among energy expenditure, cardiac fatigue, perimeter of contraction and preoperative RV end-diastolic volume index. Both groups showed a reduction in all kinematic parameters after PVR, but those with end-diastolic volume >147 ml/m(2) showed an unpredictable outcome.CONCLUSIONS: Video kinematic evaluation provides insight into intraoperative RV recovery in patients with tetralogy of Fallot undergoing PVR. Accordingly, functional recovery can be expected in patients with preoperative end-diastolic volume <147 ml/m(2).
Magnetic resonance imaging
Pulmonary valve replacement
Tetralogy of Fallot
Video kinematic evaluation
Biomechanical Phenomena
Humans
Treatment Outcome
Pulmonary Valve
Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency
Tetralogy of Fallot
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1079787
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