Objective To examine the efficacy and safety of fenfluramine in patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) in three age groups: <6, 6-17, and >= 18 years old, treated in a real-world setting. Methods Patients with DS were treated with fenfluramine in the European Union Early Access Program (EAP). Following a 28-day baseline period to establish the pretreatment monthly convulsive seizure frequency (MCSF), fenfluramine was started at a dose chosen by the treating physician and gradually titrated based on efficacy and tolerability up to a maximum of 0.7 mg/kg/day. Seizure incidence was recorded in a written diary, and adverse events (AEs) were reported at each patient visit. Cardiovascular safety was assessed by transthoracic echocardiography before treatment started and at least every 6 months thereafter. Results A total of 149 patients have enrolled in the EAP and 63 were <6 years old, 62 were 6-17 years old, and 24 were >= 18 years old. After 3 months of treatment 62%, 53%, and 50% of patients demonstrated >= 75% reduction in MCSF in the <6, 6-17, and >= 18-year-old groups, respectively. This pattern of response was sustained through 12 months of treatment with 55%, 46%, and 80% of the <6, 6-17, and >= 18-year-old groups, respectively, experiencing a >= 75% reduction in MCSF. Most common AEs were loss of appetite (21%) and somnolence (16%). No valvular heart disease or pulmonary artery hypertension was observed. Significance The magnitude, consistency, and durability of the response to add-on fenfluramine is consistent across age groups in patients with Dravet syndrome.
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