PurposeTo demonstrate that quantitative multicomponent T2 relaxation can be more sensitive than conventional FLAIR imaging for detecting cerebral tissue abnormalities.MethodsSix patients affected by lower-grade non-enhancing gliomas underwent T2 relaxation and FLAIR imaging before a radiation treatment by proton therapy (PT) and were examined at follow-up. The T2 decay signal obtained by a thirty-two-echo sequence was decomposed into three main components, attributing to each component a different T2 range: water trapped in the lipid bilayer membrane of myelin, intra/extracellular water and cerebrospinal fluid. The T2 quantitative map of the intra/extracellular water was compared with FLAIR images.ResultsBefore PT, in five patients a mismatch was observed between the intra/extracellular water T2 map and FLAIR images, with peri-tumoral areas of high T2 that typically extended outside the area of abnormal FLAIR hyper-intensity. Such mismatch regions evolved into two different types of patterns. The first type, observed in three patients, was a reduced extension of the abnormal regions on T2 map with respect to FLAIR images (T2 decrease pattern). The second type, observed in two patients, was the appearance of new areas of abnormal hyper-intensity on FLAIR images matching the anomalous T2 map extension (FLAIR increase pattern), that was considered as asymptomatic radiation induced damage.ConclusionOur preliminarily results suggest that quantitative T2 mapping of the intra/extracellular water component was more sensitive than conventional FLAIR imaging to subtle cerebral tissue abnormalities, deserving to be further investigated in future clinical studies.

Quantitative Multicomponent T2 Relaxation Showed Greater Sensitivity Than Flair Imaging to Detect Subtle Alterations at the Periphery of Lower Grade Gliomas

Bontempi, Pietro
;
Rozzanigo, Umberto;Farace, Paolo
2021-01-01

Abstract

PurposeTo demonstrate that quantitative multicomponent T2 relaxation can be more sensitive than conventional FLAIR imaging for detecting cerebral tissue abnormalities.MethodsSix patients affected by lower-grade non-enhancing gliomas underwent T2 relaxation and FLAIR imaging before a radiation treatment by proton therapy (PT) and were examined at follow-up. The T2 decay signal obtained by a thirty-two-echo sequence was decomposed into three main components, attributing to each component a different T2 range: water trapped in the lipid bilayer membrane of myelin, intra/extracellular water and cerebrospinal fluid. The T2 quantitative map of the intra/extracellular water was compared with FLAIR images.ResultsBefore PT, in five patients a mismatch was observed between the intra/extracellular water T2 map and FLAIR images, with peri-tumoral areas of high T2 that typically extended outside the area of abnormal FLAIR hyper-intensity. Such mismatch regions evolved into two different types of patterns. The first type, observed in three patients, was a reduced extension of the abnormal regions on T2 map with respect to FLAIR images (T2 decrease pattern). The second type, observed in two patients, was the appearance of new areas of abnormal hyper-intensity on FLAIR images matching the anomalous T2 map extension (FLAIR increase pattern), that was considered as asymptomatic radiation induced damage.ConclusionOur preliminarily results suggest that quantitative T2 mapping of the intra/extracellular water component was more sensitive than conventional FLAIR imaging to subtle cerebral tissue abnormalities, deserving to be further investigated in future clinical studies.
2021
glioma
magnetic resonance imaging
multicomponent T2 analysis
myelin water imaging
radiotherapy
relaxometry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1079528
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