Tat affects the fibrinolytic activity of tumour cell lines derived from BKV/tat-transgenic mice by modulating the production of both uPA and PAI-1 via autocrine and paracrine mechanisms of action. The capacity of Tat to modulate the plasminogen-dependent proteolytic activity of these tumour cell lines may contribute to their metastatic potential. The uPA-inducing activity of Tat depends upon specific biological and structural features of the Tat protein that are distinct from those responsible for its LTR-CAT-transactivating activity, suggesting distinct mechanisms of induction for the two biological responses.
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