Several studies have indicated that human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) transactivating Tat protein is essential for proviral DNA transcription and virus replication. In addition, it is actively released from acutely HIV-1-infected cells and interacts either with the same virus-infected and virus producing cell, or with bystander uninfected cells, influencing the expression of several genes and related cellular functions. The main goal of this paper was to determine the Tat-related expression of basic cellular genes in a permanently tat transfected CD4+ cell line, to identify the cellular genes influenced by the presence of endogenous-exogenous Tat protein. For this purpose, we analyzed, by a cDNA-membrane-array assay, cellular mRNAs expressed in serum-free cultures of lymphoblastoid CD4(+) Jurkat cells, stably transfected with a plasmid constitutively expressing tat gene, in comparison with Jurkat cells transfected with the backbone plasmid only, and parental Jurkat cells. The expression of mRNAs in permanently tat-transfected Jurkat cells showed significant differences in 24 out of 1176 analyzed genes in comparison with parental or backbone plasmid transfected cells. Most of the genes overexpressed in permanently tat-transfected Jurkat cells, belong to transcription factors, or to receptors, adaptors, and mediators of signal transduction pathways, and to factors involved in response to oxidative stress, suggesting a complex regulation of CD4(+) T-lymphoid cell survival and proliferation by HIV-1 Tat protein.

Differentially expressed genes in HIV-1 tat-expressing CD4+ T-cell line

Davide Gibellini;
2002

Abstract

Several studies have indicated that human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) transactivating Tat protein is essential for proviral DNA transcription and virus replication. In addition, it is actively released from acutely HIV-1-infected cells and interacts either with the same virus-infected and virus producing cell, or with bystander uninfected cells, influencing the expression of several genes and related cellular functions. The main goal of this paper was to determine the Tat-related expression of basic cellular genes in a permanently tat transfected CD4+ cell line, to identify the cellular genes influenced by the presence of endogenous-exogenous Tat protein. For this purpose, we analyzed, by a cDNA-membrane-array assay, cellular mRNAs expressed in serum-free cultures of lymphoblastoid CD4(+) Jurkat cells, stably transfected with a plasmid constitutively expressing tat gene, in comparison with Jurkat cells transfected with the backbone plasmid only, and parental Jurkat cells. The expression of mRNAs in permanently tat-transfected Jurkat cells showed significant differences in 24 out of 1176 analyzed genes in comparison with parental or backbone plasmid transfected cells. Most of the genes overexpressed in permanently tat-transfected Jurkat cells, belong to transcription factors, or to receptors, adaptors, and mediators of signal transduction pathways, and to factors involved in response to oxidative stress, suggesting a complex regulation of CD4(+) T-lymphoid cell survival and proliferation by HIV-1 Tat protein.
CD4, HIV-1, tat
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078902
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