Simple SummaryThe comprehensive complication index (CCI) and the Clavien-Dindo Complication (CDC) scoring system are two metrics designed to quantify the burden of postoperative morbidity. We performed a retrospective study retrieving data from a multi-institutional Italian register. The aim was to compare the performance of the two metrics in predicting excessive length of hospital stay (e-LOS) of patients who underwent liver resections for hepatocellular carcinoma. A total of 2669 patients were analyzed. A derivation (n = 1345) and validation sets (n = 1324) were created to test the strength of results. In both cohorts, the analysis showed that CCI was slightly superior in predicting e-LOS in complicated patients. The accuracy of CCI was even better when considering a subgroup of patients who experienced at least two complications. The results of this population-specific analysis suggest that CCI is preferable in weighting postoperative morbidity burden.Background: We aimed to assess the ability of comprehensive complication index (CCI) and Clavien-Dindo complication (CDC) scale to predict excessive length of hospital stay (e-LOS) in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Patients were identified from an Italian multi-institutional database and randomly selected to be included in either a derivation or validation set. Multivariate logistic regression models and ROC curve analysis including either CCI or CDC as predictors of e-LOS were fitted to compare predictive performance. E-LOS was defined as a LOS longer than the 75th percentile among patients with at least one complication. Results: A total of 2669 patients were analyzed (1345 for derivation and 1324 for validation). The odds ratio (OR) was 5.590 (95%CI 4.201; 7.438) for CCI and 5.507 (4.152; 7.304) for CDC. The AUC was 0.964 for CCI and 0.893 for CDC in the derivation set and 0.962 vs. 0.890 in the validation set, respectively. In patients with at least two complications, the OR was 2.793 (1.896; 4.115) for CCI and 2.439 (1.666; 3.570) for CDC with an AUC of 0.850 and 0.673, respectively in the derivation cohort. The AUC was 0.806 for CCI and 0.658 for CDC in the validation set. Conclusions: When reporting postoperative morbidity in liver surgery, CCI is a preferable scale.

Performance of Comprehensive Complication Index and Clavien-Dindo Complication Scoring System in Liver Surgery for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Conci, Simone;Romano, Maurizio;Ruzzenente, Andrea;Rossi, Massimo;Romano, Fabrizio;Lazzari, Giovanni;Ciola, Michele;Sega, Valentina;
2020

Abstract

Simple SummaryThe comprehensive complication index (CCI) and the Clavien-Dindo Complication (CDC) scoring system are two metrics designed to quantify the burden of postoperative morbidity. We performed a retrospective study retrieving data from a multi-institutional Italian register. The aim was to compare the performance of the two metrics in predicting excessive length of hospital stay (e-LOS) of patients who underwent liver resections for hepatocellular carcinoma. A total of 2669 patients were analyzed. A derivation (n = 1345) and validation sets (n = 1324) were created to test the strength of results. In both cohorts, the analysis showed that CCI was slightly superior in predicting e-LOS in complicated patients. The accuracy of CCI was even better when considering a subgroup of patients who experienced at least two complications. The results of this population-specific analysis suggest that CCI is preferable in weighting postoperative morbidity burden.Background: We aimed to assess the ability of comprehensive complication index (CCI) and Clavien-Dindo complication (CDC) scale to predict excessive length of hospital stay (e-LOS) in patients undergoing liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: Patients were identified from an Italian multi-institutional database and randomly selected to be included in either a derivation or validation set. Multivariate logistic regression models and ROC curve analysis including either CCI or CDC as predictors of e-LOS were fitted to compare predictive performance. E-LOS was defined as a LOS longer than the 75th percentile among patients with at least one complication. Results: A total of 2669 patients were analyzed (1345 for derivation and 1324 for validation). The odds ratio (OR) was 5.590 (95%CI 4.201; 7.438) for CCI and 5.507 (4.152; 7.304) for CDC. The AUC was 0.964 for CCI and 0.893 for CDC in the derivation set and 0.962 vs. 0.890 in the validation set, respectively. In patients with at least two complications, the OR was 2.793 (1.896; 4.115) for CCI and 2.439 (1.666; 3.570) for CDC with an AUC of 0.850 and 0.673, respectively in the derivation cohort. The AUC was 0.806 for CCI and 0.658 for CDC in the validation set. Conclusions: When reporting postoperative morbidity in liver surgery, CCI is a preferable scale.
Clavien-Dindo classification
comprehensive complication index
hepatocellular carcinoma
length of stay
liver surgery
morbidity
performance
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078695
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