Background Since novel strategies for prevention and treatment of metachronous peritoneal metastases (mPM) are under study, it appears crucial to identify their risk factors. Our aim is to establish the incidence of mPM after surgery for colon cancer (CC) and to build a statistical model to predict the risk of recurrence. Patients and Methods Retrospective analysis of consecutive pT3-4 CC operated at five referral centers (2014-2018). Patients who developed mPM were compared with patients who were PM-free at follow-up. A scoring system was built on the basis of a logistic regression model. Results Of the 1423 included patients, 74 (5.2%) developed mPM. Patients in the PM group presented higher preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) [median (IQR): 4.5 (2.5-13.0) vs. 2.7 (1.5-5.9), P = 0.001] and CA 19-9 [median (IQR): 17.7 (12.0-37.0) vs. 10.8 (5.0-21.0), P = 0.001], advanced disease (pT4a 42.6% vs. 13.5%; pT4b 16.2% vs. 3.2%; P < 0.001), and negative pathological characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression identified CA 19-9, pT stage, pN stage, extent of lymphadenectomy, and lymphovascular invasion as significant predictors, and individual risk scores were calculated for each patient. The risk of recurrence increased remarkably with score values, and the model demonstrated a high negative predictive value (98.8%) and accuracy (83.9%) for scores below five. Conclusions Besides confirming incidence and risk factors for mPM, our study developed a useful clinical tool for prediction of mPM risk. After external validation, this scoring system may guide personalized decision-making for patients with locally advanced CC.

Prediction of Metachronous Peritoneal Metastases After Radical Surgery for Colon Cancer: A Scoring System Obtained from an International Multicenter Cohort

Pedrazzani, Corrado
;
Turri, Giulia;Spolverato, Gaya;Foppa, Caterina;
2022

Abstract

Background Since novel strategies for prevention and treatment of metachronous peritoneal metastases (mPM) are under study, it appears crucial to identify their risk factors. Our aim is to establish the incidence of mPM after surgery for colon cancer (CC) and to build a statistical model to predict the risk of recurrence. Patients and Methods Retrospective analysis of consecutive pT3-4 CC operated at five referral centers (2014-2018). Patients who developed mPM were compared with patients who were PM-free at follow-up. A scoring system was built on the basis of a logistic regression model. Results Of the 1423 included patients, 74 (5.2%) developed mPM. Patients in the PM group presented higher preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) [median (IQR): 4.5 (2.5-13.0) vs. 2.7 (1.5-5.9), P = 0.001] and CA 19-9 [median (IQR): 17.7 (12.0-37.0) vs. 10.8 (5.0-21.0), P = 0.001], advanced disease (pT4a 42.6% vs. 13.5%; pT4b 16.2% vs. 3.2%; P < 0.001), and negative pathological characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression identified CA 19-9, pT stage, pN stage, extent of lymphadenectomy, and lymphovascular invasion as significant predictors, and individual risk scores were calculated for each patient. The risk of recurrence increased remarkably with score values, and the model demonstrated a high negative predictive value (98.8%) and accuracy (83.9%) for scores below five. Conclusions Besides confirming incidence and risk factors for mPM, our study developed a useful clinical tool for prediction of mPM risk. After external validation, this scoring system may guide personalized decision-making for patients with locally advanced CC.
Carcinoembryonic Antigen
Humans
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Retrospective Studies
Colonic Neoplasms
Peritoneal Neoplasms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078674
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