We run an experiment with Danish school children (7-16 years old) to shed new light on gender differences in competitive behavior. Danish girls are not significantly less likely than boys to choose a competitive scheme when we control for individual performance, risk preferences, confidence, stereotypes, and interactions with the opposite gender. However, for the children who perform above average we find a gender gap of 11.8 percentage points. Our elicitation of the network of friends allows us to study the association between a child's and their friends’ competitiveness: for each (extra) friend that is competitive, girls choose to compete more often (+9.6 percentage points). The same is not true for boys. Finally, boys become better at making the correct decision with age, but girls avoid competition when they should choose it.

Gender differences in competitiveness: Friends matter

Piovesan, Marco;
2022

Abstract

We run an experiment with Danish school children (7-16 years old) to shed new light on gender differences in competitive behavior. Danish girls are not significantly less likely than boys to choose a competitive scheme when we control for individual performance, risk preferences, confidence, stereotypes, and interactions with the opposite gender. However, for the children who perform above average we find a gender gap of 11.8 percentage points. Our elicitation of the network of friends allows us to study the association between a child's and their friends’ competitiveness: for each (extra) friend that is competitive, girls choose to compete more often (+9.6 percentage points). The same is not true for boys. Finally, boys become better at making the correct decision with age, but girls avoid competition when they should choose it.
Gender Differences, Competitiveness, Peer effects, Experimental Economics, Children, Adolescents
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2022_JBEE.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 8.23 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
8.23 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078367
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact