Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoactive and profibrotic peptide that plays a pivotal role in diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), by inducing fibrosis and vascular remodeling. Such effects may be sustained by the induction of aldosterone production and reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have used fibroblasts obtained from skin of healthy donors and SSc patients and commercial fibroblasts from lung to evaluate whether ET-1 is able to stimulate ROS production directly or indirectly through aldosterone induction. We found that ET-1 receptors are present in all types of fibroblasts analyzed, whereas the expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR) is lower in dermal fibroblasts from healthy donors (HDFs) compared to fibroblasts derived from lung (HPFs) or from skin of SSc patients (SScHDFs). ET-1 induces ROS production in HDFs and SScHDFs after 24 h of incubation involving its receptor B (ETB), whereas aldosterone exerts its effects after 40 min of incubation. Moreover, ROS production was inhibited by the pre-incubation of cells with MCR inhibitor. Our results indicate that ET-1 induces ROS indirectly through aldosterone production suggesting that aldosterone may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of SSc and PAH.

Profibrotic Effects of Endothelin-1 on Fibroblasts Are Mediated by Aldosterone in Vitro: Relevance to the Pathogenesis and Therapy of Systemic Sclerosis and Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Giuseppe Argentino
;
Ruggero Beri;Caterina Bason;Andrea RUZZENENTE;oliviero olivieri;Elisa Tinazzi;Simonetta Friso;Claudio Lunardi
2022

Abstract

Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a vasoactive and profibrotic peptide that plays a pivotal role in diseases such as systemic sclerosis (SSc) and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), by inducing fibrosis and vascular remodeling. Such effects may be sustained by the induction of aldosterone production and reactive oxygen species (ROS). We have used fibroblasts obtained from skin of healthy donors and SSc patients and commercial fibroblasts from lung to evaluate whether ET-1 is able to stimulate ROS production directly or indirectly through aldosterone induction. We found that ET-1 receptors are present in all types of fibroblasts analyzed, whereas the expression of mineralocorticoid receptor (MCR) is lower in dermal fibroblasts from healthy donors (HDFs) compared to fibroblasts derived from lung (HPFs) or from skin of SSc patients (SScHDFs). ET-1 induces ROS production in HDFs and SScHDFs after 24 h of incubation involving its receptor B (ETB), whereas aldosterone exerts its effects after 40 min of incubation. Moreover, ROS production was inhibited by the pre-incubation of cells with MCR inhibitor. Our results indicate that ET-1 induces ROS indirectly through aldosterone production suggesting that aldosterone may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of SSc and PAH.
aldosterone
endothelin-1
fibroblasts
pulmonary arterial hypertension
reactive oxygen species
systemic sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1078146
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