This paper discusses the behavior of even-like parti cles (e.g. French même) when interacti ng with entailmentbased scales, pragmati cally incompati ble alternati ves and semanti cally incompati ble alternati ves. Standard approaches to even-like parti cles assume that such operators convey the asserti on that the prejacent propositi on is true; they also induce a scalar presuppositi on to the eff ect that the prejacent propositi on is higher on a suitably defi ned scale, and an additi ve presuppositi on to the eff ect that an alternati ve propositi on in the same scale is also true. We submit preliminary evidence from Italian arguing against the assumpti on that even-like parti cles are necessarily additi ve and suggesti ng that the scalar presuppositi ons requires a pragmati c (or “rhetorical”) ordering.
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