In a context of drug repurposing, pentamidine (PTM), an FDA-approved antiparasitic drug, has been proposed to reverse the splicing defects associated in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). However, clinical use of PTM is hinder by substantial toxicity, leading to find alternative delivery strategies. In this work we proposed hyaluronic acid-based nanoparticles as a novel encapsulation strategy to efficiently deliver PTM to skeletal muscles cells. In vitro studies on C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes showed an efficient nanoparticles' internalization with minimal toxicity. More interestingly, our findings evidenced for the first time the endosomal escape of hyaluronic acid-based nanocarriers. Ex vivo studies showed an efficient nanoparticles' internalization within skeletal muscle fibers. Finally, the therapeutic efficacy of PTM-loaded nanosystems to reduce the number of nuclear foci has been demonstrated in a novel DM1 in vitro model. So far, current data demonstrated the potency of hyaluronic acid-based nanosystems as efficient nanocarrier for delivering PTM into skeletal muscle and mitigate DM1 pathology.

Repurposing pentamidine using hyaluronic acid-based nanocarriers for skeletal muscle treatment in myotonic dystrophy

Repellin, Mathieu;Carton, Flavia;Boschi, Federico;Galiè, Mirco;Perduca, Massimiliano;Calderan, Laura;Malatesta, Manuela
2023

Abstract

In a context of drug repurposing, pentamidine (PTM), an FDA-approved antiparasitic drug, has been proposed to reverse the splicing defects associated in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1). However, clinical use of PTM is hinder by substantial toxicity, leading to find alternative delivery strategies. In this work we proposed hyaluronic acid-based nanoparticles as a novel encapsulation strategy to efficiently deliver PTM to skeletal muscles cells. In vitro studies on C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes showed an efficient nanoparticles' internalization with minimal toxicity. More interestingly, our findings evidenced for the first time the endosomal escape of hyaluronic acid-based nanocarriers. Ex vivo studies showed an efficient nanoparticles' internalization within skeletal muscle fibers. Finally, the therapeutic efficacy of PTM-loaded nanosystems to reduce the number of nuclear foci has been demonstrated in a novel DM1 in vitro model. So far, current data demonstrated the potency of hyaluronic acid-based nanosystems as efficient nanocarrier for delivering PTM into skeletal muscle and mitigate DM1 pathology.
Biomaterials
C2C12 cells
DM1 cell model
Muscular dystrophies
Nanoparticles
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1077169
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact