Introduction: Despite symptoms control being the primary focus of asthma management according to guidelines, uncontrolled asthma is still an issue worldwide, leading to huge costs and asthma deaths at all ages. In childhood, poor asthma control can be even more harmful, as it can irreversibly compromise the children's lung function and the whole family's well-being. Areas covered: Given the problem extent, this review aims to discuss the leading modifiable causes of uncontrolled asthma in Pediatrics, giving some practical insights regarding the critical role of families and the main tools for monitoring control and drug adherence, even at a distance. The most recent GINA documents were used as the primary reference, along with the latest evidence regarding the management of asthma control and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on asthma. Expert opinion: In managing pediatric asthma, a multidisciplinary, multi-determinant, personalized approach is needed, actively involving families, schools, and other specialists. In addition to current strategies for implementing control, electronic health strategies, new validated asthma control tools, and the identification of novel inflammatory biomarkers could lead to increasingly tailored therapies with greater effectiveness in reaching asthma control.

Challenges in uncontrolled asthma in pediatrics: important considerations for the clinician

Giuliana Ferrante;Giorgio Piacentini;
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Despite symptoms control being the primary focus of asthma management according to guidelines, uncontrolled asthma is still an issue worldwide, leading to huge costs and asthma deaths at all ages. In childhood, poor asthma control can be even more harmful, as it can irreversibly compromise the children's lung function and the whole family's well-being. Areas covered: Given the problem extent, this review aims to discuss the leading modifiable causes of uncontrolled asthma in Pediatrics, giving some practical insights regarding the critical role of families and the main tools for monitoring control and drug adherence, even at a distance. The most recent GINA documents were used as the primary reference, along with the latest evidence regarding the management of asthma control and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on asthma. Expert opinion: In managing pediatric asthma, a multidisciplinary, multi-determinant, personalized approach is needed, actively involving families, schools, and other specialists. In addition to current strategies for implementing control, electronic health strategies, new validated asthma control tools, and the identification of novel inflammatory biomarkers could lead to increasingly tailored therapies with greater effectiveness in reaching asthma control.
Pediatrics, adherence, asthma and SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, asthma control, comorbidities, difficult-to-treat asthma, lung function tests, telehealth
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1075567
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