Thauera is one of the main genera involved in polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production in microbial mixed cultures (MMCs) from volatile fatty acids (VFAs). However, no Thauera strains involved in PHA accumulation have been obtained in pure culture so far. This study is the first report of the isolation and characterization of a Thauera sp. strain, namely Sel9, obtained from a sequencing batch reactor (S-SBR) set up for the selection of PHA storing biomass. The 16 S rRNA gene evidenced a high sequence similarity with T. butanivorans species. Genome sequencing identified all genes involved in PHA synthesis, regulation and degradation. The strain Sel9 was able to grow with an optimum of chemical oxygen demand-to-nitrogen (COD:N) ratio ranging from 4.7 to 18.9. Acetate, propionate, butyrate and valerate were used as sole carbon and energy sources: a lag phase of 72 h was observed in presence of propionate. Final production of PHAs, achieved with a COD:N ratio of 75.5, was 60.12 ± 2.60, 49.31 ± 0.7, 37.31 ± 0.43 and
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