Previous studies have demonstrated that neutrophils isolated from the blood of healthy donors do not respond to IL-10 in terms of either activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) tyrosine phosphorylation or induction of suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS)-3 protein, unlike autologous mononuclear cells. This was explained by the fact that circulating neutrophils of healthy donors express only IL-10R2, but not IL-10R1, the latter IL-10R chain being essential for mediating IL-10 responsiveness. In this study, we report that peripheral blood neutrophils of septic patients constitutively display, besides IL-10R2, also abundant levels of surface IL-10R1. Consequently, septic neutrophils are promptly responsive to IL-10 in vitro, as revealed by a direct IL-10-mediated induction of STAT3 tyrosine phosphorylation and SOCS-3 gene transcription, mRNA and protein expression. Consistent with the presence of a fully functional IL-10R, modulation of LPS-induced CXCL8, CCL4, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and IL-1ra gene expression was also rapidly induced by IL-10 in septic, but not normal, neutrophils. Collectively, these data uncover that neutrophils of septic patients are predisposed to be promptly responsive to IL-10, presumably to help limiting their pro-inflammatory state. They also fully validate our previous observations, herein in the context of a human disease, that responsiveness of human neutrophils to IL-10 is strictly dependent upon the modulation of IL-10R1 expression.

Circulating neutrophils of septic patients constitutively express IL-10R1 and are promptly responsive to IL-10

Tamassia, Nicola;Calzetti, Federica;Menestrina, Nicola;Rossato, Marzia;Bazzoni, Flavia;Gottin, Leonardo;Cassatella, Marco A
2008

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that neutrophils isolated from the blood of healthy donors do not respond to IL-10 in terms of either activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) tyrosine phosphorylation or induction of suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS)-3 protein, unlike autologous mononuclear cells. This was explained by the fact that circulating neutrophils of healthy donors express only IL-10R2, but not IL-10R1, the latter IL-10R chain being essential for mediating IL-10 responsiveness. In this study, we report that peripheral blood neutrophils of septic patients constitutively display, besides IL-10R2, also abundant levels of surface IL-10R1. Consequently, septic neutrophils are promptly responsive to IL-10 in vitro, as revealed by a direct IL-10-mediated induction of STAT3 tyrosine phosphorylation and SOCS-3 gene transcription, mRNA and protein expression. Consistent with the presence of a fully functional IL-10R, modulation of LPS-induced CXCL8, CCL4, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and IL-1ra gene expression was also rapidly induced by IL-10 in septic, but not normal, neutrophils. Collectively, these data uncover that neutrophils of septic patients are predisposed to be promptly responsive to IL-10, presumably to help limiting their pro-inflammatory state. They also fully validate our previous observations, herein in the context of a human disease, that responsiveness of human neutrophils to IL-10 is strictly dependent upon the modulation of IL-10R1 expression.
IL-1ra
IL-10R1
lipopolysaccharide
neutrophils
SOCS-3
TNF-alpha
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Cells, Cultured
Female
Humans
Interleukin-10
Interleukin-10 Receptor alpha Subunit
Male
Middle Aged
Neutrophils
Phosphorylation
RNA, Messenger
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
STAT3 Transcription Factor
Sepsis
Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein
Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Up-Regulation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1075167
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