One of the most recent innovations to promote a circular economy during wastewater treatment is the production of biopolymers. It has recently been demonstrated that it is possible to integrate the production of biopolymers in the form of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) with nitrogen removal via nitrite during the treatment of sludge reject water. In the present study, simulation of a new process for bioresource recovery was conducted by an appropriate modification of the Activated Sludge Model 3. The process consists of the integrated nitrogen removal via nitrite from sludge reject water and the selection of PHA-storing biomass by inducing a feast and famine regime under aerobic and anoxic conditions. According to the results, it is anticipated that simulation data matched very satisfactorily with the experimental data and confirmed the main experimental observation, showing that during the famine period the PHA depletion was almost complete due to the availability of nitrite as the electron acceptor. Simulation results indicate that the selection of the volumetric organic loading rate and of the relative duration of the aerobic feast/anoxic famine duration is critical in order to allow for the effective denitritation of the internally stored PHA during the famine phase.
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