Aims: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the relationship between controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurements (LSM) with the risk of developing a composite endpoint inclusive of incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cerebrovascular insult (CVI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: This study included 238 T2DM outpatients without chronic liver diseases. Results: The patient population was followed for a median period of 7.6 years. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that there was a higher proportion of patients who developed the aforementioned composite outcome (P < 0.001 by the log-rank test), as well as CKD (P < 0.001) or AMI alone (P = 0.014) among those with elevated CAP values (& GE;238 dB/m) at baseline. Similarly, Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that there was a higher proportion of patients who developed the composite outcome (P < 0.001), as well as CKD (P < 0.001), or AMI alone (P < 0.001) among those with elevated LSM values (& GE;7.0/6.2 kPa). In multivariable regression analyses, the presence of elevated CAP (adjusted-hazard ratio 2.34, 95% CI 1.32-4.15) and elevated LSM (adjusted-hazard ratio 2.84, 95% CI 1.92-4.21), independently of each other, were associated with a higher risk of developing the composite outcome, as well as incident AMI or CKD alone after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes-related variables. Conclusions: Our study shows that the elastographic parameters of liver steatosis and fibrosis independently predict the long-term risk of developing chronic vascular complications in T2DM patients.

Elastographic parameters of liver steatosis and fibrosis predict independently the risk of incident chronic kidney disease and acute myocardial infarction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Targher, G
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2022

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the relationship between controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurements (LSM) with the risk of developing a composite endpoint inclusive of incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cerebrovascular insult (CVI) or chronic kidney disease (CKD) in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: This study included 238 T2DM outpatients without chronic liver diseases. Results: The patient population was followed for a median period of 7.6 years. Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that there was a higher proportion of patients who developed the aforementioned composite outcome (P < 0.001 by the log-rank test), as well as CKD (P < 0.001) or AMI alone (P = 0.014) among those with elevated CAP values (& GE;238 dB/m) at baseline. Similarly, Kaplan-Meier survival analyses showed that there was a higher proportion of patients who developed the composite outcome (P < 0.001), as well as CKD (P < 0.001), or AMI alone (P < 0.001) among those with elevated LSM values (& GE;7.0/6.2 kPa). In multivariable regression analyses, the presence of elevated CAP (adjusted-hazard ratio 2.34, 95% CI 1.32-4.15) and elevated LSM (adjusted-hazard ratio 2.84, 95% CI 1.92-4.21), independently of each other, were associated with a higher risk of developing the composite outcome, as well as incident AMI or CKD alone after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors and diabetes-related variables. Conclusions: Our study shows that the elastographic parameters of liver steatosis and fibrosis independently predict the long-term risk of developing chronic vascular complications in T2DM patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1073931
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