Post-translational modifications (PTMs) occur during or after protein biosynthesis and increase the functional diversity of proteome. They comprise phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation, glycosylation, ubiquitination, sumoylation (among many other modifications), and influence all aspects of cell biology. Mass-spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics is the most powerful approach for PTM analysis. Despite this, it is challenging due to low abundance and labile nature of many PTMs. Hence, enrichment of modified peptides is required for MS analysis. This review provides an overview of most common PTMs and a discussion of current enrichment methods for MS-based proteomics analysis. The traditional affinity strategies, including immunoenrichment, chromatography and protein pull-down, are outlined together with their strengths and shortcomings. Moreover, a special attention is paid to chemical enrichment strategies, such as capture by chemoselective probes, metabolic and chemoenzymatic labelling, which are discussed with an emphasis on their recent progress. Finally, the challenges and future trends in the field are discussed.

Advances in enrichment methods for mass spectrometry-based proteomics analysis of post-translational modifications

Brandi, Jessica;Cecconi, Daniela
2022

Abstract

Post-translational modifications (PTMs) occur during or after protein biosynthesis and increase the functional diversity of proteome. They comprise phosphorylation, acetylation, methylation, glycosylation, ubiquitination, sumoylation (among many other modifications), and influence all aspects of cell biology. Mass-spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics is the most powerful approach for PTM analysis. Despite this, it is challenging due to low abundance and labile nature of many PTMs. Hence, enrichment of modified peptides is required for MS analysis. This review provides an overview of most common PTMs and a discussion of current enrichment methods for MS-based proteomics analysis. The traditional affinity strategies, including immunoenrichment, chromatography and protein pull-down, are outlined together with their strengths and shortcomings. Moreover, a special attention is paid to chemical enrichment strategies, such as capture by chemoselective probes, metabolic and chemoenzymatic labelling, which are discussed with an emphasis on their recent progress. Finally, the challenges and future trends in the field are discussed.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1073748
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact