OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the long-term prognostic implications of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) when assessed with both cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). BACKGROUND Post-ischemic CMD can be assessed using the pressure-wire based IMR and/or by the presence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on CMR. METHODS A total of 198 patients with STEMI underwent IMR and MVO assessment. Patients were classified as follows: Group 1, no significant CMD (low IMR [#40 U] and no MVO); Group 2, CMD with either high IMR (>40 U) or MVO; Group 3, CMD with both IMR >40 U and MVO. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality, diagnosis of new heart failure, cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, and cardioverter defibrillator implantation. RESULTS CMD with both high IMR and MVO was present in 23.7% of the cases (Group 3) and CMD with either high IMR or MVO was observed in 40.9% of cases (Group 2). At a median follow-up of 40.1 months, the primary endpoint occurred in 34 (17%) cases. At 1 year of follow-up, Group 3 (hazard ratio [HR]: 12.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.6 to 100.6; p = 0.017) but not Group 2 (HR: 7.2; 95% CI: 0.9 to 57.9; p = 0.062) had worse clinical outcomes compared with those with no significant CMD in Group 1. However, in the long-term, patients in Group 2 (HR: 4.2; 95% CI: 1.4 to 12.5; p = 0.009) and those in Group 3 (HR: 5.2; 95% CI: 1.7 to 16.2; p = 0.004) showed similar adverse outcomes, mainly driven by the occurrence of heart failure. CONCLUSIONS Post-ischemic CMD predicts a more than 4-fold increase in long-term risk of adverse outcomes, mainly driven by the occurrence of heart failure. Defining CMD by either invasive IMR >40 U or by CMR-assessed MVO showed similar risk of adverse outcomes. (J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2021;14:1948-1959) (c) 2021 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction Assessed by Pressure Wire and CMR After STEMI Predicts Long-Term Outcomes

Scarsini, Roberto;Ribichini, Flavio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study sought to evaluate the long-term prognostic implications of coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) when assessed with both cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). BACKGROUND Post-ischemic CMD can be assessed using the pressure-wire based IMR and/or by the presence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) on CMR. METHODS A total of 198 patients with STEMI underwent IMR and MVO assessment. Patients were classified as follows: Group 1, no significant CMD (low IMR [#40 U] and no MVO); Group 2, CMD with either high IMR (>40 U) or MVO; Group 3, CMD with both IMR >40 U and MVO. The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause mortality, diagnosis of new heart failure, cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation, and cardioverter defibrillator implantation. RESULTS CMD with both high IMR and MVO was present in 23.7% of the cases (Group 3) and CMD with either high IMR or MVO was observed in 40.9% of cases (Group 2). At a median follow-up of 40.1 months, the primary endpoint occurred in 34 (17%) cases. At 1 year of follow-up, Group 3 (hazard ratio [HR]: 12.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.6 to 100.6; p = 0.017) but not Group 2 (HR: 7.2; 95% CI: 0.9 to 57.9; p = 0.062) had worse clinical outcomes compared with those with no significant CMD in Group 1. However, in the long-term, patients in Group 2 (HR: 4.2; 95% CI: 1.4 to 12.5; p = 0.009) and those in Group 3 (HR: 5.2; 95% CI: 1.7 to 16.2; p = 0.004) showed similar adverse outcomes, mainly driven by the occurrence of heart failure. CONCLUSIONS Post-ischemic CMD predicts a more than 4-fold increase in long-term risk of adverse outcomes, mainly driven by the occurrence of heart failure. Defining CMD by either invasive IMR >40 U or by CMR-assessed MVO showed similar risk of adverse outcomes. (J Am Coll Cardiol Img 2021;14:1948-1959) (c) 2021 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
2021
ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction
cardiovascular magnetic resonance
coronary microvascular dysfunction
heart failure
index of microcirculatory resistance
microvascular obstruction
primary percutaneous coronary intervention
prognosis
Coronary Circulation
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Microcirculation
Predictive Value of Tests
Vascular Resistance
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1073311
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