Purpose: To evaluate perceived fatigue (PF) and neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) in patients with COPD and chronic respiratory failure (CRF) on long-term oxygen therapy (CRF-COPD group), and the relationships between PF, NMF, patient's characteristics, comparing severe patients with COPD to patients without CRF (COPD group). Methods: This cross-sectional study compared 19 CRF-COPD patients with 10 COPD patients attending a rehabilitation program. PF was determined by Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), while dyspnea by the Barthel Dyspnea Index (BDI). We assessed quadriceps NMF via electrical nerve stimulation during and following a Maximal Voluntary Contraction (MVC) detecting changes after a Constant Workload Cycling Test (CWCT) at 80% of the peak power output at exhaustion. Results: CRF-COPD patients showed higher PF (+ 1.79 of FSS score, p = 0.0052) and dyspnea (+ 21.03 of BDI score, p = 0.0023) than COPD patients. After the fatiguing task and normalization for the total work, there was a similar decrease in the MVC (CRF-COPD -1.5 ± 2.4 vs COPD -1.1 ± 1.2% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.5819), in the potentiated resting twitch force (CRF-COPD -2.8 ± 4.7 vs COPD -2.0 ± 3.3% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.7481) and in the maximal voluntary activation (CRF-COPD -0.1 ± 3.9 vs COPD -0.9 ± 1.2 -2.0 ± 3.3% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.4354). FSS and BDI were closely related (R = 0.5735, p = 0.0011), while no correlation between PF and NMF was found. Conclusion: Patients with CRF-COPD develop higher levels of perceived fatigue and dyspnea than patients with COPD; while neuromuscular fatigue is similar, suggesting a mismatch between symptoms and neuromuscular dysfunction.

Relationship between perceived and neuromuscular fatigue in COPD patients with chronic respiratory failure with long-term oxygen therapy: a cross-sectional study

Paneroni, Mara
;
Schena, Federico;Venturelli, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate perceived fatigue (PF) and neuromuscular fatigue (NMF) in patients with COPD and chronic respiratory failure (CRF) on long-term oxygen therapy (CRF-COPD group), and the relationships between PF, NMF, patient's characteristics, comparing severe patients with COPD to patients without CRF (COPD group). Methods: This cross-sectional study compared 19 CRF-COPD patients with 10 COPD patients attending a rehabilitation program. PF was determined by Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), while dyspnea by the Barthel Dyspnea Index (BDI). We assessed quadriceps NMF via electrical nerve stimulation during and following a Maximal Voluntary Contraction (MVC) detecting changes after a Constant Workload Cycling Test (CWCT) at 80% of the peak power output at exhaustion. Results: CRF-COPD patients showed higher PF (+ 1.79 of FSS score, p = 0.0052) and dyspnea (+ 21.03 of BDI score, p = 0.0023) than COPD patients. After the fatiguing task and normalization for the total work, there was a similar decrease in the MVC (CRF-COPD -1.5 ± 2.4 vs COPD -1.1 ± 1.2% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.5819), in the potentiated resting twitch force (CRF-COPD -2.8 ± 4.7 vs COPD -2.0 ± 3.3% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.7481) and in the maximal voluntary activation (CRF-COPD -0.1 ± 3.9 vs COPD -0.9 ± 1.2 -2.0 ± 3.3% baseline kJ-1, p = 0.4354). FSS and BDI were closely related (R = 0.5735, p = 0.0011), while no correlation between PF and NMF was found. Conclusion: Patients with CRF-COPD develop higher levels of perceived fatigue and dyspnea than patients with COPD; while neuromuscular fatigue is similar, suggesting a mismatch between symptoms and neuromuscular dysfunction.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1072526
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