Circulating miRNAs are increasingly studied and proposed as tumor markers with the aim of investigating their role in monitoring the response to therapy as well as the natural evolution of primary or secondary brain tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the modulation of the expression of three miRNAs, miR-21, miR-222 and miR-124-3p, in the serum exosomes of patients with high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and brain metastases (BMs) to verify their usefulness in the differential diagnosis of brain masses; then, it focused on their variations following the surgical and/or radiosurgical treatment of the BMs. A total of 105 patients with BMs from primary lung or breast cancer, or melanoma underwent neurosurgery or radiosurgery treatment, and 91 patients with HGGs were enrolled, along with 30 healthy controls. A significant increase in miR-21 expression in serum exosomes was observed in both HGGs and BMs compared with healthy controls; on the other hand, miR-124-3p was significantly decreased in BMs, and it was increased in HGGs. After the surgical or radiosurgical treatment of patients with BMs, a significant reduction in miR-21 was noted with both types of treatments. This study identified a signature of exosomal miRNAs that could be useful as a noninvasive complementary analysis both in the differential diagnosis of BMs from glial tumors and in providing information on tumor evolution over time.

miRNAs in serum exosomes for differential diagnosis of brain metastases

Catelan S.;Olioso D.;Santangelo A.;Tamanini A.;Pinna G.;Sala F.;Lippi G.;Nicolato A.;Cabrini G.;Dechecchi M. C.
2022

Abstract

Circulating miRNAs are increasingly studied and proposed as tumor markers with the aim of investigating their role in monitoring the response to therapy as well as the natural evolution of primary or secondary brain tumors. This study aimed to evaluate the modulation of the expression of three miRNAs, miR-21, miR-222 and miR-124-3p, in the serum exosomes of patients with high-grade gliomas (HGGs) and brain metastases (BMs) to verify their usefulness in the differential diagnosis of brain masses; then, it focused on their variations following the surgical and/or radiosurgical treatment of the BMs. A total of 105 patients with BMs from primary lung or breast cancer, or melanoma underwent neurosurgery or radiosurgery treatment, and 91 patients with HGGs were enrolled, along with 30 healthy controls. A significant increase in miR-21 expression in serum exosomes was observed in both HGGs and BMs compared with healthy controls; on the other hand, miR-124-3p was significantly decreased in BMs, and it was increased in HGGs. After the surgical or radiosurgical treatment of patients with BMs, a significant reduction in miR-21 was noted with both types of treatments. This study identified a signature of exosomal miRNAs that could be useful as a noninvasive complementary analysis both in the differential diagnosis of BMs from glial tumors and in providing information on tumor evolution over time.
brain metastases
circulating miRNAs
exosomes
gamma knife
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
cancers-14-03493-v2.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: CC BY 4.0 publisher version
Tipologia: Versione dell'editore
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.26 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.26 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1072306
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact