The continuous introduction in the market of new psychoactive drugs (NPS) represents a well-known international emergency. Indeed, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are paying great attention to the spread of NPS. In addition to the traditional analytical approaches based on GC-MS and HPLC-MS, also CE coupled with MS has proved to be a precious tool for the toxicological screening of biosamples. On these grounds, the aim of the present work was to test the application of CE-HRMS as a new screening tool for the rapid detection of these novel drugs in urine. Separations were performed in an uncoated fused-silica capillary with id of 75 mu m with a total length of 100 cm, by applying a constant voltage of 15 kV. The QTOF-MS was implemented with an electrospray ion source operating in positive ionization full scan mode in the range of 100-1000 m/z. Under these conditions, different NPS has been tested, including eight cathinones, five phenethylamine, and seven tryptamines. The method was validated after optimization of the following analytical parameters: BGE composition and pH, separation voltage, sheath liquid composition, and flow rate and ESI source settings. The applicability of the method was successfully tested by analyzing a series of real urine samples obtained from drug users.

Optimization and validation of a new approach based on CE-HRMS for the screening analysis of novel psychoactive substances (cathinones, phenethylamines, and tryptamines) in urine

Gottardo, Rossella;Sorio, Daniela;Soldati, Giulia;Ballotari, Marco;Porpiglia, Nadia Maria;Tagliaro, Franco
2021

Abstract

The continuous introduction in the market of new psychoactive drugs (NPS) represents a well-known international emergency. Indeed, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are paying great attention to the spread of NPS. In addition to the traditional analytical approaches based on GC-MS and HPLC-MS, also CE coupled with MS has proved to be a precious tool for the toxicological screening of biosamples. On these grounds, the aim of the present work was to test the application of CE-HRMS as a new screening tool for the rapid detection of these novel drugs in urine. Separations were performed in an uncoated fused-silica capillary with id of 75 mu m with a total length of 100 cm, by applying a constant voltage of 15 kV. The QTOF-MS was implemented with an electrospray ion source operating in positive ionization full scan mode in the range of 100-1000 m/z. Under these conditions, different NPS has been tested, including eight cathinones, five phenethylamine, and seven tryptamines. The method was validated after optimization of the following analytical parameters: BGE composition and pH, separation voltage, sheath liquid composition, and flow rate and ESI source settings. The applicability of the method was successfully tested by analyzing a series of real urine samples obtained from drug users.
CE-MS
Cathinones
High-resolution MS
Phenethylamine
Tryptamine
Alkaloids
Amines
Electrophoresis, Capillary
Humans
Limit of Detection
Linear Models
Mass Spectrometry
Psychotropic Drugs
Reproducibility of Results
Substance Abuse Detection
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070789
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