A growing interest in the study of aerobic glycolysis as a key pathway for cancer-cell energetic metabolism, favouring tumour progression and invasion, has led to consider GAPDH as an effective drug target to specifically hit cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated a panel of 3-bromo-isoxazoline derivatives based on previously identified inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum GAPDH (PfGAPDH). The compounds are active, to a different extent, as inhibitors of human-recombinant GAPDH. They showed an antiproliferative effect on pancreatic ductal-adenocarcinoma cells (PDAC) and pancreatic-cancer stem cells (CSCs), and among them two promising compounds were selected to be tested in vivo. Interestingly, these compounds were not effective in fibroblasts. The AXP-3019 derivative was able to block PDAC-cell growth in mice xenograft without apparent toxicity. The overall results support the assumption that selective inhibition of the glycolytic pathway, by targeting GAPDH, is an effective therapy for pancreatic cancer and that 3-bromo-isoxazoline derivatives represent a new class of anti-cancer compounds targeting glycolysis.

3-Bromo-Isoxazoline Derivatives Inhibit GAPDH Enzyme in PDAC Cells Triggering Autophagy and Apoptotic Cell Death

Pacchiana, Raffaella;Mullappilly, Nidula;Forciniti, Stefania;Dalla Pozza, Elisa;Bottani, Emanuela;Decimo, Ilaria;Dando, Ilaria;Donadelli, Massimo
2022

Abstract

A growing interest in the study of aerobic glycolysis as a key pathway for cancer-cell energetic metabolism, favouring tumour progression and invasion, has led to consider GAPDH as an effective drug target to specifically hit cancer cells. In this study, we have investigated a panel of 3-bromo-isoxazoline derivatives based on previously identified inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum GAPDH (PfGAPDH). The compounds are active, to a different extent, as inhibitors of human-recombinant GAPDH. They showed an antiproliferative effect on pancreatic ductal-adenocarcinoma cells (PDAC) and pancreatic-cancer stem cells (CSCs), and among them two promising compounds were selected to be tested in vivo. Interestingly, these compounds were not effective in fibroblasts. The AXP-3019 derivative was able to block PDAC-cell growth in mice xenograft without apparent toxicity. The overall results support the assumption that selective inhibition of the glycolytic pathway, by targeting GAPDH, is an effective therapy for pancreatic cancer and that 3-bromo-isoxazoline derivatives represent a new class of anti-cancer compounds targeting glycolysis.
GAPDH
apoptosis
autophagy
cancer metabolism
cell death
pancreas cancer
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070547
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