The majority of human activities show a trade-off between movement speed and accuracy. Here we tested 16 participants in a quick pointing action after 20 minutes (2mA) of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) delivered at the Supplementary Motor Area (SMA) in a single-blind crossover design study for testing the feedforward components in the control of action. tDCS stimuli were delivered in three randomized sessions of stimulations as anodal, cathodal and sham as a control. The task performed Pre and Post tDCS stimulation, was to point as fast and as precise as possible with the big toe to targets having different sizes (2 and 8 cm; Width) and positioned at different Distances (20 and 60 cm; Distance). An optoelectronic motion capture system was used to collect the kinematics of movement. Result indicates that individuals after receiving anodal stimulation decreased their movement time and increased their movement speed while the opposite happened after receiving a cathodal stimulation. The scarcity of studies in this area invites us to plan a research that aims at the trade-off especially in the clinical settings.

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) modulates motor execution in a limb reaching task

Zandonai, Thomas
;
Bertucco, Matteo;Montani, Veronica;Cesari, Paola
2022

Abstract

The majority of human activities show a trade-off between movement speed and accuracy. Here we tested 16 participants in a quick pointing action after 20 minutes (2mA) of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) delivered at the Supplementary Motor Area (SMA) in a single-blind crossover design study for testing the feedforward components in the control of action. tDCS stimuli were delivered in three randomized sessions of stimulations as anodal, cathodal and sham as a control. The task performed Pre and Post tDCS stimulation, was to point as fast and as precise as possible with the big toe to targets having different sizes (2 and 8 cm; Width) and positioned at different Distances (20 and 60 cm; Distance). An optoelectronic motion capture system was used to collect the kinematics of movement. Result indicates that individuals after receiving anodal stimulation decreased their movement time and increased their movement speed while the opposite happened after receiving a cathodal stimulation. The scarcity of studies in this area invites us to plan a research that aims at the trade-off especially in the clinical settings.
Brain Stimulation
Supplementary Motor Area (SMA)
Motor Control
Lower Limb
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070349
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact