BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of spring mass model characteristics (e.g. stiffness) and Achilles tendon properties in determining the energy cost of running in half marathon runners.METHODS: Achilles tendon characteristics (i.e. cross-sectional area -AT(CSA)- and resting length -AT(L)-) were measured on 32 males by means of an ultrasound apparatus the day before a half marathon race. After these measurements the energy cost of running (C) was determined while the subjects run on a treadmill at the speed (v(T)) they were expected to maintain during the race (v(R)); the vertical (k(vert)) and leg (k(leg)) stiffness were calculated based on kinematic data.RESULTS: No differences were observed between v(T) and v(R). Higher values of vT were associated with larger values of k(leg) and k(vert). The faster runners (with larger v(T)) were the ones with the lower C (r=-0.43, P<0.05) and the larger AT(CSA) (r=0.46, P<0.01). No relationship was found between C and AT(CSA) but C was lower in runners with longer AT(L) (r=-0.52, P<0.001). Finally, no relationship was found between k(leg) or k(vert) and C, but runners with larger k(vert) were also those with the larger AT(CSA) (r=0.45, P<0.01).CONCLUSIONS: These findings underline the correlation between spring-mass model parameters and Achilles tendon characteristics in half-marathon runners; they further show how these parameters influence the half marathon pace and the energy cost of running at this pace.

Mechanical determinants of the energy cost of running at the half-marathon pace

Monte, Andrea
;
Nardello, Francesca;Festa, Luca;Tarperi, Cantor;Schena, Federico;Zamparo, Paola
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of spring mass model characteristics (e.g. stiffness) and Achilles tendon properties in determining the energy cost of running in half marathon runners.METHODS: Achilles tendon characteristics (i.e. cross-sectional area -AT(CSA)- and resting length -AT(L)-) were measured on 32 males by means of an ultrasound apparatus the day before a half marathon race. After these measurements the energy cost of running (C) was determined while the subjects run on a treadmill at the speed (v(T)) they were expected to maintain during the race (v(R)); the vertical (k(vert)) and leg (k(leg)) stiffness were calculated based on kinematic data.RESULTS: No differences were observed between v(T) and v(R). Higher values of vT were associated with larger values of k(leg) and k(vert). The faster runners (with larger v(T)) were the ones with the lower C (r=-0.43, P<0.05) and the larger AT(CSA) (r=0.46, P<0.01). No relationship was found between C and AT(CSA) but C was lower in runners with longer AT(L) (r=-0.52, P<0.001). Finally, no relationship was found between k(leg) or k(vert) and C, but runners with larger k(vert) were also those with the larger AT(CSA) (r=0.45, P<0.01).CONCLUSIONS: These findings underline the correlation between spring-mass model parameters and Achilles tendon characteristics in half-marathon runners; they further show how these parameters influence the half marathon pace and the energy cost of running at this pace.
Achilles tendon
Energy metabolism
Running
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1070219
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact