Recent research showed that trait mindfulness might reduce tax evasion intentions and increase support for tax progressivity. The present study proposed that these bene- ficial effects of being mindful can be explained theoretically by different associations with inequality-related constructs: social dominance orientation and system justification. Spe- cifically, we tested our predictions by comparing meditation practitioners to nonpractitioners. Results from a path analy- sis revealed that relative to nonpractitioners, meditation practitioners were less likely to evade taxes primarily because of associations with lower social dominance orien- tation. Instead, they were more likely to support a progres- sive taxation primarily through associations with lower system justification. These results support the beneficial role of practicing meditation for tax compliance for people who meditate regularly. Moreover, these results may shed light about the psychological pathways through which prac- ticing meditation brings about such beneficial social consequences.
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