: Docetaxel has proven effective in advanced breast cancer. Myelosuppression and cumulative fluid retention syndrome are troublesome, potentially avoidable toxicities. In this consecutive cohort study, docetaxel (100 mg/m2 by 1 hour i.v. infusion, q3 weeks) activity and toxicity was explored in 56 anthracycline-pretreated patients (eligible: 55: median age: 51 years [range: 28-68 years]; median performance status: 0 [range: 0-3]) with metastatic breast cancer, using two different granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and steroid pre- and postmedication schedules. Twenty-nine patients (group A) received a 5-day oral prednisone premedication, and 26 (group B) received 4-day low-dose i.m. dexamethasone; group B patients also received prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. All patients were evaluable for toxicity and 53 for response. Prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor significantly lowered the incidence of grade III-IV neutropenia and neutropenic fever (p = 0.0001 and 0.01, respectively). The incidence of moderate-severe fluid retention syndrome was lower in patients receiving i.m. dexamethasone (p = 0.08). Overall response rate was 53% (4 complete responses/24 partial responses, 95% confidence interval 39.4-66.2%); 32% have stable disease and 15% progressive disease. In 21 anthracycline-refractory/resistant patients, as well as in 10 paclitaxel-pretreated patients, the overall response rate was 50%. Docetaxel is highly active in anthracycline- and paclitaxel-pretreated metastatic breast cancer, with manageable toxicity. Optimal use of both granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support and steroid premedication deserves further investigation.

Toxicity and activity of docetaxel in anthracycline-pretreated breast cancer patients: a phase II study

Milella, M;Vaccaro, A;
2000-01-01

Abstract

: Docetaxel has proven effective in advanced breast cancer. Myelosuppression and cumulative fluid retention syndrome are troublesome, potentially avoidable toxicities. In this consecutive cohort study, docetaxel (100 mg/m2 by 1 hour i.v. infusion, q3 weeks) activity and toxicity was explored in 56 anthracycline-pretreated patients (eligible: 55: median age: 51 years [range: 28-68 years]; median performance status: 0 [range: 0-3]) with metastatic breast cancer, using two different granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and steroid pre- and postmedication schedules. Twenty-nine patients (group A) received a 5-day oral prednisone premedication, and 26 (group B) received 4-day low-dose i.m. dexamethasone; group B patients also received prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. All patients were evaluable for toxicity and 53 for response. Prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor significantly lowered the incidence of grade III-IV neutropenia and neutropenic fever (p = 0.0001 and 0.01, respectively). The incidence of moderate-severe fluid retention syndrome was lower in patients receiving i.m. dexamethasone (p = 0.08). Overall response rate was 53% (4 complete responses/24 partial responses, 95% confidence interval 39.4-66.2%); 32% have stable disease and 15% progressive disease. In 21 anthracycline-refractory/resistant patients, as well as in 10 paclitaxel-pretreated patients, the overall response rate was 50%. Docetaxel is highly active in anthracycline- and paclitaxel-pretreated metastatic breast cancer, with manageable toxicity. Optimal use of both granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support and steroid premedication deserves further investigation.
Adult
Aged
Anthracyclines
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Breast Neoplasms
Cohort Studies
Dexamethasone
Docetaxel
Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
Female
Glucocorticoids
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
Humans
Infusions, Intravenous
Middle Aged
Neutropenia
Paclitaxel
Prednisone
Taxoids
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1066325
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