Objective: The phosphatase and tensine homologue gene (PTEN) plays a crucial role in proliferation and survival of cancer cells by antagonizing the function of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K), which, in turn, results in decreased Akt activity. We investigated the clinical impact of the expression of PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapies. Methods: Seventy-three patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapies were included and followed prospectively. PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K resulted positive in 48%, 71% and 46.5% of patients, respectively. A significant correlation between PTEN and p-Akt (kappa 0.22, p = 0.03) and p-Akt and PI3K (kappa 0.20, p = 0.05) was observed. PTEN-positive patients had a progression-free survival (PFS) longer than PTEN-negative ones (p = 0.06). When grouped together, patients co-expressing PTEN and p-Akt had a statistically significant longer PFS as compared to the rest of patients (p = 0.01). At the multivariate analysis, PTEN and p-Akt co-expression was an independent predictor of lower risk of progression (hazard ratio 0.53, p = 0.05). Conclusion: In HER2-positive MBC, basal co-expression of PTEN and p-Akt might identify those patients who are more likely to benefit from trastuzumab-based therapies.

Clinical significance of PTEN and p-Akt co-expression in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapies

Di Benedetto, A;Milella, M;
2010-01-01

Abstract

Objective: The phosphatase and tensine homologue gene (PTEN) plays a crucial role in proliferation and survival of cancer cells by antagonizing the function of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase (PI3K), which, in turn, results in decreased Akt activity. We investigated the clinical impact of the expression of PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K in HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapies. Methods: Seventy-three patients treated with trastuzumab-based therapies were included and followed prospectively. PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K expression was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: PTEN, p-Akt and PI3K resulted positive in 48%, 71% and 46.5% of patients, respectively. A significant correlation between PTEN and p-Akt (kappa 0.22, p = 0.03) and p-Akt and PI3K (kappa 0.20, p = 0.05) was observed. PTEN-positive patients had a progression-free survival (PFS) longer than PTEN-negative ones (p = 0.06). When grouped together, patients co-expressing PTEN and p-Akt had a statistically significant longer PFS as compared to the rest of patients (p = 0.01). At the multivariate analysis, PTEN and p-Akt co-expression was an independent predictor of lower risk of progression (hazard ratio 0.53, p = 0.05). Conclusion: In HER2-positive MBC, basal co-expression of PTEN and p-Akt might identify those patients who are more likely to benefit from trastuzumab-based therapies.
Adolescent
Aged
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Antineoplastic Agents
Breast Neoplasms
Disease Progression
Female
Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Metastasis
PTEN Phosphohydrolase
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
Receptor, ErbB-2
Trastuzumab
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1065688
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