Background: Improving results in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will require the development of new drugs and strategies to combine available agents. On the basis of data indicating the activity of docetaxel as second-line therapy, a Phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the sequential combination of chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin (P) and gemcitabine (G) followed by docetaxel (DOC) in patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: Patients with 1997 TNM stage IIIB (pleural effusion)/stage IV NSCLC, performance status (PS) of 0-1, and normal organ function were eligible. Therapy consisted of P at 75 mg/m(2) on Day 1 and G 1200 mg/m(2) on Days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for 3 cycles followed, in nonprogressive patients, by DOC 30 mg/m(2) every week for 6 consecutive weeks every 8 weeks for 2 cycles. Results: Fifty-two eligible patients were enrolled (M/F, 39/13; stage IIIB/IV, 8/44; PS 0, 73%, PS 1, 27%; median age, 58 years; range, 36-73). The overall response rate was 36.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 23-49). The median overall survival was 11 months (95% CI: 9-13); the median progression-free survival was 6 months (95% CI: 5-7); and the 1- and 2-year survivals were 48% and 25%, respectively. One- and 2-year progression-free survivals were 12% and 8%, respectively. Both phases of the treatment protocol were well tolerated. Conclusions: P/G followed by weekly DOC is well tolerated and active as first-line therapy for NSCLC patients and provides a feasible chemotherapeutic option in this clinical setting.

Sequential chemotherapy in nonsmall-cell lung cancer: cisplatin and gemcitabine followed by docetaxel

Milella, Michele;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Background: Improving results in nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will require the development of new drugs and strategies to combine available agents. On the basis of data indicating the activity of docetaxel as second-line therapy, a Phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of the sequential combination of chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin (P) and gemcitabine (G) followed by docetaxel (DOC) in patients with advanced NSCLC. Methods: Patients with 1997 TNM stage IIIB (pleural effusion)/stage IV NSCLC, performance status (PS) of 0-1, and normal organ function were eligible. Therapy consisted of P at 75 mg/m(2) on Day 1 and G 1200 mg/m(2) on Days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for 3 cycles followed, in nonprogressive patients, by DOC 30 mg/m(2) every week for 6 consecutive weeks every 8 weeks for 2 cycles. Results: Fifty-two eligible patients were enrolled (M/F, 39/13; stage IIIB/IV, 8/44; PS 0, 73%, PS 1, 27%; median age, 58 years; range, 36-73). The overall response rate was 36.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 23-49). The median overall survival was 11 months (95% CI: 9-13); the median progression-free survival was 6 months (95% CI: 5-7); and the 1- and 2-year survivals were 48% and 25%, respectively. One- and 2-year progression-free survivals were 12% and 8%, respectively. Both phases of the treatment protocol were well tolerated. Conclusions: P/G followed by weekly DOC is well tolerated and active as first-line therapy for NSCLC patients and provides a feasible chemotherapeutic option in this clinical setting.
Adenocarcinoma
Adult
Aged
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
Carcinoma, Large Cell
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Cisplatin
Deoxycytidine
Docetaxel
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lung Neoplasms
Male
Middle Aged
Neoplasm Staging
Prognosis
Survival Rate
Taxoids
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1065515
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