Simple Summary The olive fruit fly Bactrocera oleae is a very common pest infesting olive orchards wherever they are cultivated, representing the greatest threat to olive production and oil quality. Although broad-spectrum insecticides are often used to protect olive crops against B. oleae, there is increasing concern about their effects on the environment and human health. An important tool in integrated olive fly management could be the use of products with a repellency and oviposition deterrence effect. This research yielded experimental evidence of significant oviposition deterrent activity on the olive fly as side effects of substances used in olive growing such as fungicides or plant biostimulants, highlighting the potential use of these products in B. oleae management. The control of Bactrocera oleae is fundamental to decreasing the significant production loss in olive cultivation. However, traditional containment based on the use of synthetic insecticides has been encountering serious limitations due to their negative effect on human health and the environment. Within the scope of integrated olive fly management, the use of products with repellency and oviposition deterrent activity might represent a more eco-friendly solution. In this study, we tested the oviposition deterrent activity of some commercial formulations already used in olive tree crops as fungicides (copper oxychloride, dodine, mancozeb, pyraclostrobin and difeconazole) and plant bio-stimulants (tannins, clay, flavonoids and a zinc-copper-citric acid biocomplex). The trials were conducted testing the oviposition behavior of mated olive fly females in both choice and no-choice assays. Our results showed that most of the substances have affected the ovipositional activity of the olive fly, except for difeconazole. Moreover, some products (copper oxychloride, flavonoids and tannins) have proven to differently influence the flies' oviposition comparing the two tests. The repellent effect of these commercial products should be further studied to prove whether the repellency was due either to the active ingredient or to the co-formulants, and to assess their effect in the open field.
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