Denosumab is associated with the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), an uncommon but severe oral side effect with a higher prevalence in metastatic cancer patients than in patients with metabolic bone fragility. Although several oral triggers can initiate MRONJ, invasive oral treatments and tooth extraction still remain the most common precipitating event. In general, tooth extraction and oral surgery should be avoided in patients at increased risk of MRONJ, while extraction of non-restorable teeth should be performed based on specific risk reduction protocols to eliminate dental/periodontal infections, still protecting from MRONJ onset. Based on the different pharmacological activity of denosumab and nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, it is likely that the MRONJ risk profile of patients with osteoporosis could somewhat vary. We hypothesize the chance to maximize the pharmacokinetic of denosumab 60 mg (Prolia (R)) and identify a time interval in which invasive oral treatments can ideally take place without restrictions in patients with metabolic bone fragility, We propose that dental surgery (e.g. tooth extraction) may be safely performed without additional intra or peri-operative procedures in osteoporosis patients using denosumab provided that careful case selection, adequate communication among specialists, planning of a delayed dosing window (1-month deferral) and rigorous postoperative follow-up are granted.

A pragmatic window of opportunity to minimise the risk of MRONJ development in individuals with osteoporosis on Denosumab therapy: a hypothesis

Bertoldo, Francesco
Conceptualization
;
Bedogni, Alberto
2021-01-01

Abstract

Denosumab is associated with the development of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), an uncommon but severe oral side effect with a higher prevalence in metastatic cancer patients than in patients with metabolic bone fragility. Although several oral triggers can initiate MRONJ, invasive oral treatments and tooth extraction still remain the most common precipitating event. In general, tooth extraction and oral surgery should be avoided in patients at increased risk of MRONJ, while extraction of non-restorable teeth should be performed based on specific risk reduction protocols to eliminate dental/periodontal infections, still protecting from MRONJ onset. Based on the different pharmacological activity of denosumab and nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates, it is likely that the MRONJ risk profile of patients with osteoporosis could somewhat vary. We hypothesize the chance to maximize the pharmacokinetic of denosumab 60 mg (Prolia (R)) and identify a time interval in which invasive oral treatments can ideally take place without restrictions in patients with metabolic bone fragility, We propose that dental surgery (e.g. tooth extraction) may be safely performed without additional intra or peri-operative procedures in osteoporosis patients using denosumab provided that careful case selection, adequate communication among specialists, planning of a delayed dosing window (1-month deferral) and rigorous postoperative follow-up are granted.
2021
Denosumab, osteoporosis
MRONJ
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw
Oral surgery, tooth extraction
Denosumab
Diphosphonates
Humans
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Osteoporosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1063783
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