Objectives: Here, we aim at describing the pattern of care, survival outcome and prognostic factors of ABC patients (pts) receiving third-line chemotherapy. Methods: Institutional registries across three academic medical centers were retrospectively reviewed. Kaplan-Meier estimators were used to calculate survival, the log-rank test to make comparisons, and the Cox proportional hazard models to assess the progostic impact of variables. Results: Among 101 pts included in the analysis. 68 (67.3%), 19 (18.8%) and 14 (13.8%) had intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, respectively. Atotal of 63 (62.3%) pts received monochemotherapy, while 38 (37.6%) were treated with adoublet. The median OS and PFS were 5 and 3 months, respectively. Disease control rate was achieved in 23 (22.7%) pts, with 2 (2%) partial responses. Grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse events were reported in 22 (21.7%) pts. At multivariate analysis, ECOG PS (p < 0.001), tumor burden (p = 0.01) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (p =0.02) were independent predictors of survival. Conclusions: Third-line chemotherapy displayed limited activity in this real-world cohort, although prognostic factors have been identified that may assist in treatment decision. The results of this multicenter experience, highlight the need for more effective therapies and provide a benchmark for future trials in this setting.

Third-line chemotherapy in advanced biliary cancers (ABC): pattern of care, treatment outcome and prognostic factors from a multicenter study

Merz, Valeria;Melisi, Davide;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: Here, we aim at describing the pattern of care, survival outcome and prognostic factors of ABC patients (pts) receiving third-line chemotherapy. Methods: Institutional registries across three academic medical centers were retrospectively reviewed. Kaplan-Meier estimators were used to calculate survival, the log-rank test to make comparisons, and the Cox proportional hazard models to assess the progostic impact of variables. Results: Among 101 pts included in the analysis. 68 (67.3%), 19 (18.8%) and 14 (13.8%) had intrahepatic and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder cancer, respectively. Atotal of 63 (62.3%) pts received monochemotherapy, while 38 (37.6%) were treated with adoublet. The median OS and PFS were 5 and 3 months, respectively. Disease control rate was achieved in 23 (22.7%) pts, with 2 (2%) partial responses. Grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse events were reported in 22 (21.7%) pts. At multivariate analysis, ECOG PS (p < 0.001), tumor burden (p = 0.01) and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (p =0.02) were independent predictors of survival. Conclusions: Third-line chemotherapy displayed limited activity in this real-world cohort, although prognostic factors have been identified that may assist in treatment decision. The results of this multicenter experience, highlight the need for more effective therapies and provide a benchmark for future trials in this setting.
Biliary cancer
chemotherapy
cholangiocarcinoma
gallbladder cancer
prognosis
real world
survival
third-line
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Antineoplastic Agents
Biliary Tract Neoplasms
Bridged-Ring Compounds
Cholangiocarcinoma
Deoxycytidine
Female
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Male
Middle Aged
Practice Patterns, Physicians'
Pyrimidines
Registries
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate
Taxoids
Treatment Outcome
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1063593
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact