The interpretation process is one of the main tasks performed by archaeologists who, starting from ground data about evidences and findings, incrementally derive knowledge about ancient objects or events. Very often more than one archaeologist contributes in different time instants to discover details about the same finding and thus, it is important to keep track of history and provenance of the overall knowledge discovery process. To this aim, we propose a model and a set of derivation rules for tracking and refining data provenance during the archaeological interpretation process. In particular, among all the possible interpretation activities, we concentrate on the one concerning the dating that archaeologists perform to assign one or more time intervals to a finding to define its lifespan on the temporal axis. In this context, we propose a framework to represent and derive updated provenance data about temporal information after the mentioned derivation process. Archaeological data, and in particular their temporal dimension, are typically vague, since many different interpretations can coexist, thus, we will use Fuzzy Logic to assign a degree of confidence to values and Fuzzy Temporal Constraint Networks to model relationships between dating of different findings represented as a graph-based dataset. The derivation rules used to infer more precise temporal intervals are enriched to manage also provenance information and their following updates after a derivation step. A MapReduce version of the path consistency algorithm is also proposed to improve the efficiency of the refining process on big graph-based datasets.

Tracking Data Provenance of Archaeological Temporal Information in Presence of Uncertainty

Migliorini, Sara
;
Quintarelli, Elisa;Belussi, Alberto
2022-01-01

Abstract

The interpretation process is one of the main tasks performed by archaeologists who, starting from ground data about evidences and findings, incrementally derive knowledge about ancient objects or events. Very often more than one archaeologist contributes in different time instants to discover details about the same finding and thus, it is important to keep track of history and provenance of the overall knowledge discovery process. To this aim, we propose a model and a set of derivation rules for tracking and refining data provenance during the archaeological interpretation process. In particular, among all the possible interpretation activities, we concentrate on the one concerning the dating that archaeologists perform to assign one or more time intervals to a finding to define its lifespan on the temporal axis. In this context, we propose a framework to represent and derive updated provenance data about temporal information after the mentioned derivation process. Archaeological data, and in particular their temporal dimension, are typically vague, since many different interpretations can coexist, thus, we will use Fuzzy Logic to assign a degree of confidence to values and Fuzzy Temporal Constraint Networks to model relationships between dating of different findings represented as a graph-based dataset. The derivation rules used to infer more precise temporal intervals are enriched to manage also provenance information and their following updates after a derivation step. A MapReduce version of the path consistency algorithm is also proposed to improve the efficiency of the refining process on big graph-based datasets.
Provenance
temporal constraints
information discovery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1061617
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