The transcription factors (TFs) that regulate inducible genes in activated neutrophils are not yet completely characterized. Herein, we show that the genomic distribution of the histone modification H3K27Ac, as well as PU.1 and C/EBP beta, two myeloid-lineage-determining TFs (LDTFs), significantly changes in human neutrophils treated with R848, a ligand of Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8). Interestingly, differentially acetylated and LDTF-marked regions reveal an over-representation of OCT-binding motifs that are selectively bound by OCT2/POU2F2. Analysis of OCT2 genomic distribution in primary neutrophils and of OCT2-depletion in HL-60-differentiated neutrophils proves the requirement for OCT2 in contributing to promote, along with nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) and activator protein 1 (AP-1), the TLR8-induced gene expression program in neutrophils. Altogether, our data demonstrate that neutrophils, upon activation via TLR8, profoundly reprogram their chromatin status, ultimately displaying cell-specific, prolonged transcriptome changes. Data also show an unexpected role for OCT2 in amplifying the transcriptional response to TLR8-mediated activation.

Induction of OCT2 contributes to regulate the gene expression program in human neutrophils activated via TLR8

Tamassia, Nicola
;
Bianchetto-Aguilera, Francisco;Gasperini, Sara;Gardiman, Elisa;Cassatella, Marco A
2021

Abstract

The transcription factors (TFs) that regulate inducible genes in activated neutrophils are not yet completely characterized. Herein, we show that the genomic distribution of the histone modification H3K27Ac, as well as PU.1 and C/EBP beta, two myeloid-lineage-determining TFs (LDTFs), significantly changes in human neutrophils treated with R848, a ligand of Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8). Interestingly, differentially acetylated and LDTF-marked regions reveal an over-representation of OCT-binding motifs that are selectively bound by OCT2/POU2F2. Analysis of OCT2 genomic distribution in primary neutrophils and of OCT2-depletion in HL-60-differentiated neutrophils proves the requirement for OCT2 in contributing to promote, along with nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) and activator protein 1 (AP-1), the TLR8-induced gene expression program in neutrophils. Altogether, our data demonstrate that neutrophils, upon activation via TLR8, profoundly reprogram their chromatin status, ultimately displaying cell-specific, prolonged transcriptome changes. Data also show an unexpected role for OCT2 in amplifying the transcriptional response to TLR8-mediated activation.
neutrophil, Transcription Factor, OCT2, PU.1, C/EBPβ, TLR8, H3K27Ac
Gene Expression Profiling
Humans
Neutrophil Activation
Organic Cation Transporter 2
Toll-Like Receptor 8
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1060276
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