OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of global coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease who were undergoing stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.BACKGROUND Coronary microvascular dysfunction results in impaired global CFR and is implicated in the development of both atherosclerosis and heart failure. Although noninvasive assessment of CFR with positron emission tomography provides independent prognostic information, the incremental prognostic value of CMR-derived CFR remains unclear.METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing stress perfusion CMR were prospectively enrolled (n = 507). Coronary sinus flow was measured using phase-contrast imaging at baseline (pre) and immediately after stress (peak) perfusion. CFR was calculated as the ratio of peak to pre-flow. Patients were followed for major adverse cardiac events (MACE): death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, heart failure hospitalization, sustained ventricular tachycardia, and late revascularization. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to examine the association between CFR and MACE. The incremental prognostic value of CFR was assessed in nested models.RESULTS Over a median follow-up of 2.1 years, 80 patients experienced MACE. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the risk of MACE was significantly higher in patients with CFR lower than the median (2.2) (log-rank p < 0.001); this remained significant after adjustment for the presence of ischemia and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) (log-rank p < 0.001). CFR was significantly associated with the risk of MACE after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors, including ischemia extent, ejection fraction, and LGE size (hazard ratio: 1.238; p = 0.018). Addition of CFR in this model resulted in significant improvement in the C-index (from 0.70 to 0.75; p = 0.0087) and a continuous net reclassification improvement of 0.198 (95% confidence interval: 0.120 to 0.288).CONCLUSIONS CMR-derived CFR is an independent predictor of MACE in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease, incremental to common clinical and CMR risk factors. These findings suggest a role for CMR-derived CFR in identifying patients at risk of adverse events following stress CMR, even in the absence of ischemia and LGE. (C) 2019 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Global Coronary Flow Reserve Measured During Stress Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Is an Independent Predictor of Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Romano, Simone;
2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental prognostic value of global coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease who were undergoing stress cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging.BACKGROUND Coronary microvascular dysfunction results in impaired global CFR and is implicated in the development of both atherosclerosis and heart failure. Although noninvasive assessment of CFR with positron emission tomography provides independent prognostic information, the incremental prognostic value of CMR-derived CFR remains unclear.METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing stress perfusion CMR were prospectively enrolled (n = 507). Coronary sinus flow was measured using phase-contrast imaging at baseline (pre) and immediately after stress (peak) perfusion. CFR was calculated as the ratio of peak to pre-flow. Patients were followed for major adverse cardiac events (MACE): death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, heart failure hospitalization, sustained ventricular tachycardia, and late revascularization. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to examine the association between CFR and MACE. The incremental prognostic value of CFR was assessed in nested models.RESULTS Over a median follow-up of 2.1 years, 80 patients experienced MACE. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the risk of MACE was significantly higher in patients with CFR lower than the median (2.2) (log-rank p < 0.001); this remained significant after adjustment for the presence of ischemia and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) (log-rank p < 0.001). CFR was significantly associated with the risk of MACE after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors, including ischemia extent, ejection fraction, and LGE size (hazard ratio: 1.238; p = 0.018). Addition of CFR in this model resulted in significant improvement in the C-index (from 0.70 to 0.75; p = 0.0087) and a continuous net reclassification improvement of 0.198 (95% confidence interval: 0.120 to 0.288).CONCLUSIONS CMR-derived CFR is an independent predictor of MACE in patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease, incremental to common clinical and CMR risk factors. These findings suggest a role for CMR-derived CFR in identifying patients at risk of adverse events following stress CMR, even in the absence of ischemia and LGE. (C) 2019 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
coronary artery disease
coronary flow reserve
coronary microvascular function
microcirculation
prognosis
stress testing
Adult
Aged
Blood Flow Velocity
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Sinus
Disease Progression
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Vasodilator Agents
Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1060158
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