OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking-derived global longitudinal strain (GLS) in a large multicenter population of patients with ischemic and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.BACKGROUND Direct assessment of myocardial fiber deformation with GLS using echocardiography or CMR feature tracking has shown promise in providing prognostic information incremental to ejection fraction (EF) in single-center studies. Given the growing use of CMR for assessing persons with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, we hypothesized that feature-tracking-derived GLS may provide independent prognostic information in a multicenter population of patients with ischemic and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.METHODS Consecutive patients at 4 U.S. medical centers undergoing CMR with EF <50% and ischemic or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy were included in this study. Feature-tracking GLS was calculated from 3 tong-axis cine-views. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to examine the association between GLS and death. Incremental prognostic value of GLS was assessed in nested models.RESULTS Of the 1,012 patients in this study, 133 died during median follow-up of 4.4 years. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the risk of death increased significantly with worsening GLS tertiles (Log-rank p < 0.0001). Each 1% worsening in GLS was associated with an 89.1% increased risk of death after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors including EF and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) (hazard ratio [HR]:1.891 per %; p < 0.001). Addition of GLS in this model resulted in significant improvement in the C-statistic (0.628 to 0.867; p < 0.0001). Continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI) was 1.148 (95% confidence interval: 0.996 to 1.318). GLS was independently associated with death after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors (including EF and late gadolinium enhancement) in both ischemic (HR: 1.942 per %; p < 0.001) and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy subgroups (HR: 2.101 per %; p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS CMR feature-tracking-derived GLS is a powerful independent predictor of mortality in a multicenter population of patients with ischemic or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, incremental to common clinical and CMR risk factors including EF and LGE. (C) 2018 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Feature-Tracking Global Longitudinal Strain Predicts Death in a Multicenter Population of Patients With Ischemic and Nonischemic Dilated Cardiomyopathy Incremental to Ejection Fraction and Late Gadolinium Enhancement

Romano, Simone;
2018

Abstract

OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) feature-tracking-derived global longitudinal strain (GLS) in a large multicenter population of patients with ischemic and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.BACKGROUND Direct assessment of myocardial fiber deformation with GLS using echocardiography or CMR feature tracking has shown promise in providing prognostic information incremental to ejection fraction (EF) in single-center studies. Given the growing use of CMR for assessing persons with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, we hypothesized that feature-tracking-derived GLS may provide independent prognostic information in a multicenter population of patients with ischemic and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.METHODS Consecutive patients at 4 U.S. medical centers undergoing CMR with EF <50% and ischemic or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy were included in this study. Feature-tracking GLS was calculated from 3 tong-axis cine-views. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to examine the association between GLS and death. Incremental prognostic value of GLS was assessed in nested models.RESULTS Of the 1,012 patients in this study, 133 died during median follow-up of 4.4 years. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, the risk of death increased significantly with worsening GLS tertiles (Log-rank p < 0.0001). Each 1% worsening in GLS was associated with an 89.1% increased risk of death after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors including EF and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) (hazard ratio [HR]:1.891 per %; p < 0.001). Addition of GLS in this model resulted in significant improvement in the C-statistic (0.628 to 0.867; p < 0.0001). Continuous net reclassification improvement (NRI) was 1.148 (95% confidence interval: 0.996 to 1.318). GLS was independently associated with death after adjustment for clinical and imaging risk factors (including EF and late gadolinium enhancement) in both ischemic (HR: 1.942 per %; p < 0.001) and nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy subgroups (HR: 2.101 per %; p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS CMR feature-tracking-derived GLS is a powerful independent predictor of mortality in a multicenter population of patients with ischemic or nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, incremental to common clinical and CMR risk factors including EF and LGE. (C) 2018 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.
cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
cardiomyopathy
feature tracking
global longitudinal strain
left ventricular function
mortality
prognosis
Adult
Aged
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
Contrast Media
Gadolinium
Humans
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction
Observer Variation
Predictive Value of Tests
Prognosis
Prospective Studies
Reproducibility of Results
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Time Factors
United States
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine
Stroke Volume
Ventricular Function, Left
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1060151
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