Purpose: To evaluate the influence of pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling on recurrence time of diabetic macular edema in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections. Material and methods: Twelve pseudophakic eyes of 12 patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and non-tractional diabetic macular edema were included. All eyes had already been treated with two or more dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections evidencing a recurrence time of three months or less (early recurrence). At baseline, they underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling, ending with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injection. Patients were then followed-up monthly, treated with a second injection at the first recurrence, and followed up to the second recurrence. Measurements of best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and central foveal thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed at each follow-up examination. Results: Vitrectomized eyes showed a significant extension of recurrence time of diabetic macular edema, and specifically from 3.4 (3.2-3.7) to 6.5 (5.7-8.2) months after the first injection, and to 7.0 (5.7-8.2) months (p < 0.01) after the second injection (p < 0.01). Conclusions and importance: Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling seems not to influence functional and anatomical results in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections for diabetic macular edema, but appears to significantly extend the benefit of the drug.

The effect of pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling on the durability of the intravitreal dexamethasone implant in the treatment of diabetic macular edema

Franzolin, Elia
;
Gusson, Elena;
2022

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling on recurrence time of diabetic macular edema in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections. Material and methods: Twelve pseudophakic eyes of 12 patients with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy and non-tractional diabetic macular edema were included. All eyes had already been treated with two or more dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections evidencing a recurrence time of three months or less (early recurrence). At baseline, they underwent pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling, ending with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injection. Patients were then followed-up monthly, treated with a second injection at the first recurrence, and followed up to the second recurrence. Measurements of best corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and central foveal thickness by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed at each follow-up examination. Results: Vitrectomized eyes showed a significant extension of recurrence time of diabetic macular edema, and specifically from 3.4 (3.2-3.7) to 6.5 (5.7-8.2) months after the first injection, and to 7.0 (5.7-8.2) months (p < 0.01) after the second injection (p < 0.01). Conclusions and importance: Pars plana vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling seems not to influence functional and anatomical results in eyes under treatment with dexamethasone intravitreal implant injections for diabetic macular edema, but appears to significantly extend the benefit of the drug.
Dexamethasone intravitreal implant
Diabetes
Diabetic macular edema
Internal limiting membrane peeling
Pars plana vitrectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1059615
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