Background: Functional Movement Disorders (FMDs) might exacerbate in stressful conditions. As the global health emergency due to Covid-19 rise and multiple waves hit the Italian population, the recurrent severe restrictions' periods imposed could represent important triggers and worsen the symptoms of FMDs. Through a follow-up study, we compare results on Motor Symptoms (MS), Non-Motor Symptoms (NMS), and Global Health Status (GHS) of two surveys, one referred to the first Covid-19 wave and the other to the third Covid-19 wave. Methods: 60 FMDs patients responded to an online survey after the first and the third Covid-19 waves in Italy. Questions regarding sociodemographic, clinical and Covid-19 information, MS, NMS, and GHS were collected to assess severity of symptoms and changes in comparison to a period with less severe social restrictions. Results: Patients showed minimal to mild motor symptoms' severity, and substantial stability through time in all collected measures, both for severity and changes of MS, NMS, and GHS in comparison at two time points (p > 0.050). The worsening of pain resulted as predictor factor for the worsening of Motor Symptoms (p = 0.042). Conclusions: Patients did not show a vulnerability due to the recurrent restrictions' periods: MS, NMS and GHS did not vary in comparison to the first wave, confirming the previous results and highlighting the role of the social context in those disorders. Further investigations are required to better disentangle the relationship between stressful events, motor symptoms, and pain.

The impact of recurrent Covid-19 waves on patients with Functional Movement Disorders: A follow-up study

Sandri, Angela
;
Di Vico, Ilaria A;Riello, Marianna;Marotta, Angela;Tinazzi, Michele
2022

Abstract

Background: Functional Movement Disorders (FMDs) might exacerbate in stressful conditions. As the global health emergency due to Covid-19 rise and multiple waves hit the Italian population, the recurrent severe restrictions' periods imposed could represent important triggers and worsen the symptoms of FMDs. Through a follow-up study, we compare results on Motor Symptoms (MS), Non-Motor Symptoms (NMS), and Global Health Status (GHS) of two surveys, one referred to the first Covid-19 wave and the other to the third Covid-19 wave. Methods: 60 FMDs patients responded to an online survey after the first and the third Covid-19 waves in Italy. Questions regarding sociodemographic, clinical and Covid-19 information, MS, NMS, and GHS were collected to assess severity of symptoms and changes in comparison to a period with less severe social restrictions. Results: Patients showed minimal to mild motor symptoms' severity, and substantial stability through time in all collected measures, both for severity and changes of MS, NMS, and GHS in comparison at two time points (p > 0.050). The worsening of pain resulted as predictor factor for the worsening of Motor Symptoms (p = 0.042). Conclusions: Patients did not show a vulnerability due to the recurrent restrictions' periods: MS, NMS and GHS did not vary in comparison to the first wave, confirming the previous results and highlighting the role of the social context in those disorders. Further investigations are required to better disentangle the relationship between stressful events, motor symptoms, and pain.
Covid-19
FMDs, Functional Movement Disorders
Functional Movement Disorder patients
GHS, Global Health Status
HC, Healthy controls
MS, Motor Symptoms
Motor symptoms
NMS, Non-Motor Symptoms
Non-motor symptoms
Pain
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1059305
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