: The multi-site ubiquitination of Tau protein found in Alzheimer's disease filaments hints at the failed attempt of neurons to remove early toxic species. The ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Tau is regulated in vivo by the E3 ligase CHIP, a quality controller of the cell proteome dedicated to target misfolded proteins for degradation. In our study, by using site-resolved NMR, biochemical and computational methods, we elucidate the structural determinants underlying the molecular recognition between the ligase and its intrinsically disordered substrate. We reveal a multi-domain dynamic interaction that explains how CHIP can direct ubiquitination of Tau at multiple sites even in the absence of chaperones, including its typical partner Hsp70/Hsc70. Our findings thus provide mechanistic insight into the chaperone-independent engagement of a disordered protein by its E3 ligase.

Structural Basis for Chaperone-Independent Ubiquitination of Tau Protein by Its E3 Ligase CHIP

Munari, Francesca;Parolini, Francesca;Kachoie, Elham Ataie;D'Onofrio, Mariapina;Capaldi, Stefano
;
Assfalg, Michael
2022-01-01

Abstract

: The multi-site ubiquitination of Tau protein found in Alzheimer's disease filaments hints at the failed attempt of neurons to remove early toxic species. The ubiquitin-dependent degradation of Tau is regulated in vivo by the E3 ligase CHIP, a quality controller of the cell proteome dedicated to target misfolded proteins for degradation. In our study, by using site-resolved NMR, biochemical and computational methods, we elucidate the structural determinants underlying the molecular recognition between the ligase and its intrinsically disordered substrate. We reveal a multi-domain dynamic interaction that explains how CHIP can direct ubiquitination of Tau at multiple sites even in the absence of chaperones, including its typical partner Hsp70/Hsc70. Our findings thus provide mechanistic insight into the chaperone-independent engagement of a disordered protein by its E3 ligase.
Alzheimer's Disease
CHIP E3 Ligase
NMR
Tau Protein
Ubiquitination
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/1059163
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