This research investigated for the first time the influence of the single fractions (proteins, lipids, starch, cellulose, fibers and sugars) composing Household Food Wastes on Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA). A production at different pH (uncontrolled, 5.5 and 7.0): both the amount and profile of VFA were investigated. It was found that fractions rich in proteins and starch led to the greatest VFA productions (12–15 g/L), especially at neutral pH condition. On the contrary, fractions rich in cellulose, fibers, and sugars showed a very low VFA production (<2 g/L). The chemical nature of HFW influenced the speciation of the microbial communities too. Lactobacillaceae family was highly represented in proteins-, starch-, fibers and sugars-rich substrates and Atopobiaceae, Eggerthellaceae, Acidaminococcaceae and Veillonellaceae displayed positive correlation to VFAs production. Instead, Comamonadaceae showed high relative abundance in lipids- and cellulose-rich fraction and was negatively correlated to the VFAs generation.

Influence of different household Food Wastes Fractions on Volatile Fatty Acids production by anaerobic fermentation

G Strazzera;F Battista;M Andreolli;M Menini;D Bolzonella;S Lampis
2021

Abstract

This research investigated for the first time the influence of the single fractions (proteins, lipids, starch, cellulose, fibers and sugars) composing Household Food Wastes on Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA). A production at different pH (uncontrolled, 5.5 and 7.0): both the amount and profile of VFA were investigated. It was found that fractions rich in proteins and starch led to the greatest VFA productions (12–15 g/L), especially at neutral pH condition. On the contrary, fractions rich in cellulose, fibers, and sugars showed a very low VFA production (<2 g/L). The chemical nature of HFW influenced the speciation of the microbial communities too. Lactobacillaceae family was highly represented in proteins-, starch-, fibers and sugars-rich substrates and Atopobiaceae, Eggerthellaceae, Acidaminococcaceae and Veillonellaceae displayed positive correlation to VFAs production. Instead, Comamonadaceae showed high relative abundance in lipids- and cellulose-rich fraction and was negatively correlated to the VFAs generation.
volatile fatty acids, organic waste, anaerobic fermentation
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1059097
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact