: The increase in human population determines a higher proteins request to sustain the feed demand for animals and aquaculture. Single Cell Proteins (SCPs) consist of mixed protein from pure and mixed culture of bacteria, fungi, algae, and yeast, which are grown and harvested to accomplish the food requirement of human and animals. This work investigated the production of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to be used as SCPs for animal feeding. The effluent of candies production process, rich in sugars, about 40 g/L, and agricultural digestate rich in nitrogen and other macro and micronutrients, were used for the yeast's growth. Preliminary batch tests demonstrated that aerobic conditions optimized the biomass growth. Then, continuous aerobic tests were conducted at different dilution rates. The dilution rate of 0.50 d-1, corresponding to a hydraulic retention time of 2 days, optimized both the biomass productivity of 0.25 g/L per day and the protein content of 28% w/w. The analysis of the aminoacidic profile demonstrated that obtained SCPs could be used as an integrator of feed for fish and monogastric animals. On the contrary, they were not suitable for pet feed as all the amino acids concentrations were lower than required standards. These results suggested that anaerobic digesters in the agricultural sector can be transformed into small biorefineries for microbial protein production.

Single Cell Proteins production from food processing effluents and digestate

Davide Bertasini;Renato Leal Binati;David Bolzonella;Federico Battista
2022

Abstract

: The increase in human population determines a higher proteins request to sustain the feed demand for animals and aquaculture. Single Cell Proteins (SCPs) consist of mixed protein from pure and mixed culture of bacteria, fungi, algae, and yeast, which are grown and harvested to accomplish the food requirement of human and animals. This work investigated the production of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to be used as SCPs for animal feeding. The effluent of candies production process, rich in sugars, about 40 g/L, and agricultural digestate rich in nitrogen and other macro and micronutrients, were used for the yeast's growth. Preliminary batch tests demonstrated that aerobic conditions optimized the biomass growth. Then, continuous aerobic tests were conducted at different dilution rates. The dilution rate of 0.50 d-1, corresponding to a hydraulic retention time of 2 days, optimized both the biomass productivity of 0.25 g/L per day and the protein content of 28% w/w. The analysis of the aminoacidic profile demonstrated that obtained SCPs could be used as an integrator of feed for fish and monogastric animals. On the contrary, they were not suitable for pet feed as all the amino acids concentrations were lower than required standards. These results suggested that anaerobic digesters in the agricultural sector can be transformed into small biorefineries for microbial protein production.
Anaerobic digestion
Biorefinery
Process optimization
Protein production
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Single Cell Proteins
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1059095
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact