Glaucoma is the most common cause of permanent blindness in the world, caused by a progressive optic neuropathy. Patients with glaucoma are often treated with topical medicines therapy in order to reduce intra-ocular pressure (IOP). On the other hand, laser therapies, with the introduction of Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT) and successively with Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT), were reported to be effective in IOP control, with low adverse effect rates. In recent years, the micropulse laser, a subthreshold laser technology, was introduced with the goal of reducing side effects while maintaining the effectiveness of the laser treatments. Several studies focused on Micropulse Diode Laser Trabeculoplasty (MDLT) in open-angle glaucoma, to evaluate its effectiveness and possible side effects. Promising results were reported, but irradiation circumstances have not been standardized yet and its role as a substitute for previous laser techniques has yet to be defined. As a result, the goal of this review was to analyze the physical principles at the basis of MDLT and to frame it in the open-angle glaucoma management setting, highlighting the advantages and shortfalls of this technique.

Spotlight on MicroPulse laser trabeculoplasty in open-angle glaucoma: What's on? A eeview of the literature

Kilian, Raphael;
2022

Abstract

Glaucoma is the most common cause of permanent blindness in the world, caused by a progressive optic neuropathy. Patients with glaucoma are often treated with topical medicines therapy in order to reduce intra-ocular pressure (IOP). On the other hand, laser therapies, with the introduction of Argon Laser Trabeculoplasty (ALT) and successively with Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT), were reported to be effective in IOP control, with low adverse effect rates. In recent years, the micropulse laser, a subthreshold laser technology, was introduced with the goal of reducing side effects while maintaining the effectiveness of the laser treatments. Several studies focused on Micropulse Diode Laser Trabeculoplasty (MDLT) in open-angle glaucoma, to evaluate its effectiveness and possible side effects. Promising results were reported, but irradiation circumstances have not been standardized yet and its role as a substitute for previous laser techniques has yet to be defined. As a result, the goal of this review was to analyze the physical principles at the basis of MDLT and to frame it in the open-angle glaucoma management setting, highlighting the advantages and shortfalls of this technique.
MDLT
glaucoma
laser trabeculoplasty
micropulse diode laser trabeculoplasty
micropulse laser
micropulse trabeculoplasty
selective laser trabeculoplasty
subthreshold laser
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1058797
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