The Eu(III) nitrate complex of the meso- N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)-1,2-(R,S)-cyclohexanediamine ligand was synthesized and characterized by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The crystal lattice of the complex is capable of absorbing and desorbing selectively acetonitrile molecules, at 293 K upon an acetonitrile vapor pressure of similar to 0.1 x 10(5) Pa. This process, which is partially reversible, can be easily followed by both powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD) and Eu(III) luminescence spectroscopy. The acetonitrile molecule, located in the outer coordination sphere of the metal ion, does not affect the radiative transition probability of D-5(0) level of Eu(III) and also it does not activate further non-radiative channels from this level. On the other hand, this molecule is capable of affecting the energy position and intensities of the crystal field components of the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition. The complex in solid form can be considered a promising material for the optical sensing of acetonitrile vapors.

Sensitivity of a solid Eu(III) complex towards acetonitrile vapor: Structural and spectroscopic characterization

Piccinelli, Fabio
;
Paterlini, Veronica;Bettinelli, Marco
2020

Abstract

The Eu(III) nitrate complex of the meso- N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethylene)-1,2-(R,S)-cyclohexanediamine ligand was synthesized and characterized by single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction. The crystal lattice of the complex is capable of absorbing and desorbing selectively acetonitrile molecules, at 293 K upon an acetonitrile vapor pressure of similar to 0.1 x 10(5) Pa. This process, which is partially reversible, can be easily followed by both powder X-ray diffraction (P-XRD) and Eu(III) luminescence spectroscopy. The acetonitrile molecule, located in the outer coordination sphere of the metal ion, does not affect the radiative transition probability of D-5(0) level of Eu(III) and also it does not activate further non-radiative channels from this level. On the other hand, this molecule is capable of affecting the energy position and intensities of the crystal field components of the D-5(0) -> F-7(2) transition. The complex in solid form can be considered a promising material for the optical sensing of acetonitrile vapors.
Eu(III); X-ray diffraction; Crystal structure; Luminescence spectroscopy; Rare earths
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1058763
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