The identification of iron (Fe) forms throughout a sediment sequence was investigated by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) at the Fe K-edge, paired with Raman micro-spectroscopy. The contribution of different organic and inorganic Fe-bearing compounds was quantified by Linear Combination Fitting (LCF) carried out on both XANES and EXAFS spectra. Fe-XANES showed that the Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio of different Fe-bearing minerals in sediments can be quantified with reasonable accuracy. The main Fe species detected were ferrihydrite, goethite, hematite, clay minerals (smectite, illite, nontronite), and Fe(III)-organic matter (Fe(III)-OM). A more accurate quantification of ferrihydrite was possible with LCF conducted on Fe-EXAFS spectra. With the exception of hematite, the concentration of these mineral species does not have a clear trend with depth, probably because water infiltration caused continuous Fe reduction and oxidation cycles in these sediments. From an analytical perspective, Fe oxide compounds can be difficult to identify or distinguish unless multiple techniques are used. X-ray diffraction (XRD; previous work) and Raman spectroscopy turn out to be not particularly useful in identifying ferrihydrite, while they are best suited for a broad mineralogical analysis that requires integrative spectral studies for an accurate Fe speciation. In detail, XANES and EXAFS allowed for the detection of Fe-bearing clay minerals and a more refined identification of Fe species, including Fe(III)-OM. Thermal analysis was useful to confirm some mineralogical components observed using both XRD (data previously published) and Raman spectroscopy (e.g., goethite, todorokite). In conclusion, this study underlines how a multi-technique approach is required to investigate peculiar environments such as karst pedosequences.

Coupling X-ray absorption and Raman spectroscopies to characterize iron species in a karst pedosedimentary record

Giannetta B
;
Cassetta M;Mariotto G;Zaccone C.
2022

Abstract

The identification of iron (Fe) forms throughout a sediment sequence was investigated by X-ray Absorption Near Edge Spectroscopy (XANES) and Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) at the Fe K-edge, paired with Raman micro-spectroscopy. The contribution of different organic and inorganic Fe-bearing compounds was quantified by Linear Combination Fitting (LCF) carried out on both XANES and EXAFS spectra. Fe-XANES showed that the Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio of different Fe-bearing minerals in sediments can be quantified with reasonable accuracy. The main Fe species detected were ferrihydrite, goethite, hematite, clay minerals (smectite, illite, nontronite), and Fe(III)-organic matter (Fe(III)-OM). A more accurate quantification of ferrihydrite was possible with LCF conducted on Fe-EXAFS spectra. With the exception of hematite, the concentration of these mineral species does not have a clear trend with depth, probably because water infiltration caused continuous Fe reduction and oxidation cycles in these sediments. From an analytical perspective, Fe oxide compounds can be difficult to identify or distinguish unless multiple techniques are used. X-ray diffraction (XRD; previous work) and Raman spectroscopy turn out to be not particularly useful in identifying ferrihydrite, while they are best suited for a broad mineralogical analysis that requires integrative spectral studies for an accurate Fe speciation. In detail, XANES and EXAFS allowed for the detection of Fe-bearing clay minerals and a more refined identification of Fe species, including Fe(III)-OM. Thermal analysis was useful to confirm some mineralogical components observed using both XRD (data previously published) and Raman spectroscopy (e.g., goethite, todorokite). In conclusion, this study underlines how a multi-technique approach is required to investigate peculiar environments such as karst pedosequences.
sediments; paleosols; Fe (oxyhydr)oxides; thermal analysis
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1058715
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact