Studies investigating the association between urinary Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and asthma in children provided inhomogeneous results. We aimed to use Mediation Analysis to discover whether a link between urinary PAHs and lung function exists and if it might be ascribed to a direct or a symptom-mediated (indirect) effect in children with asthma. This single-center prospective study was conducted in Palermo, Italy, between March and July 2017 and involved 50 children with persistent mild-moderate asthma, aged 6-11 years. At each time visit (day 0, 30, 60, and 90), physical examination, spirometry, and urine collection for detection of urinary cotinine and PAHs were performed. A symptom score was computed. The sum of individually calculated molar mass of nine PAH metabolites (ΣPAH), naphthalene metabolites (ΣPAHn) and phenanthrene metabolites (ΣPAHp) were calculated. Three children withdrew from the study due to technical problems (n = 1) and adverse events (n = 2). PAHs indirect effects on FEV1 (ΣPAH: -0.011, p = 0.04; ΣPAHn: -0.011, p = 0.04; ΣPAHp: -0.012, p < 0.001) and FVC (ΣPAH: -0.012, p = 0.02; ΣPAHn: -0.0126, p = 0.02; ΣPAHp: -0.013, p < 0.001) were statistically significant. In conclusion, PAHs exposures have significant indirect (symptom-mediated) effects on lung function, emphasizing the role of PAHs-induced respiratory morbidity in decreasing lung function in children with asthma.

Effects of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons on Lung Function in Children with Asthma: A Mediation Analysis

Ferrante G;Murgia N;
2022

Abstract

Studies investigating the association between urinary Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and asthma in children provided inhomogeneous results. We aimed to use Mediation Analysis to discover whether a link between urinary PAHs and lung function exists and if it might be ascribed to a direct or a symptom-mediated (indirect) effect in children with asthma. This single-center prospective study was conducted in Palermo, Italy, between March and July 2017 and involved 50 children with persistent mild-moderate asthma, aged 6-11 years. At each time visit (day 0, 30, 60, and 90), physical examination, spirometry, and urine collection for detection of urinary cotinine and PAHs were performed. A symptom score was computed. The sum of individually calculated molar mass of nine PAH metabolites (ΣPAH), naphthalene metabolites (ΣPAHn) and phenanthrene metabolites (ΣPAHp) were calculated. Three children withdrew from the study due to technical problems (n = 1) and adverse events (n = 2). PAHs indirect effects on FEV1 (ΣPAH: -0.011, p = 0.04; ΣPAHn: -0.011, p = 0.04; ΣPAHp: -0.012, p < 0.001) and FVC (ΣPAH: -0.012, p = 0.02; ΣPAHn: -0.0126, p = 0.02; ΣPAHp: -0.013, p < 0.001) were statistically significant. In conclusion, PAHs exposures have significant indirect (symptom-mediated) effects on lung function, emphasizing the role of PAHs-induced respiratory morbidity in decreasing lung function in children with asthma.
asthma, children, lung function, mediation analysis, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1058136
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