Laser scalpels used in medical surgery concentrate light energy, heating the tissues. Recently, we reported thermoluminescence emission from laser-treated soft tissues. Here we investigated the thermo-optical effects caused by a laser operating at 808 nm on animal bones (beef ribs) through luminescence and fluorescence imaging, thermal imaging and scanning electron microscopy. Laser-induced artificial lesions emitted luminescence peaking around 650 nm, with a half-life of almost 1 hour. As concerns fluorescence, 24 hours after laser treatment we observed an increase of the emission and a shift from 500 (untreated) to 580 nm (treated). Recrystallization observed by SEM indicates that the temperature in the artificial lesions is over 600 degrees C. We can conclude that laser treatment induces specific luminescent and fluorescent emissions due to heating of the bone and modification of its components. Monitoring these emissions could help prevent tissue overheating and its potential damages during laser-assisted medical procedures.

Photon emission and changes in fluorescent properties of bone after laser irradiation

Sandri, Angela;Boschi, Federico
2021

Abstract

Laser scalpels used in medical surgery concentrate light energy, heating the tissues. Recently, we reported thermoluminescence emission from laser-treated soft tissues. Here we investigated the thermo-optical effects caused by a laser operating at 808 nm on animal bones (beef ribs) through luminescence and fluorescence imaging, thermal imaging and scanning electron microscopy. Laser-induced artificial lesions emitted luminescence peaking around 650 nm, with a half-life of almost 1 hour. As concerns fluorescence, 24 hours after laser treatment we observed an increase of the emission and a shift from 500 (untreated) to 580 nm (treated). Recrystallization observed by SEM indicates that the temperature in the artificial lesions is over 600 degrees C. We can conclude that laser treatment induces specific luminescent and fluorescent emissions due to heating of the bone and modification of its components. Monitoring these emissions could help prevent tissue overheating and its potential damages during laser-assisted medical procedures.
bone
diode laser
fluorescence
laser surgery
thermoluminescence
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1057937
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