This review article discusses the definition and implementation of brain-computer interface (BCI) system relying on brain connectivity (BC) and machine learning/deep learning (DL) for motor imagery (MI)-based applications. During the past few years, many approaches have been explored in terms of types of neurological sources of information, feature extraction, and intention prediction for BCI applications. Two novel aspects are becoming increasingly interesting for the BCI community: BC modeling and DL. The former aims at describing the interactions among different brain regions as connectivity patterns that reflect the dynamics of information flow either at rest or when performing a task. The latter is becoming pervasive for its capability of modeling and predicting complex data, where a huge amount of information is involved. In this scenario, we conducted a systematic literature review on BCI studies that led to the selection of 34 articles meeting all the required criteria. This provides evidence of the rapid growth of the topic over the past few years, though being still in its infancy. The last part of this article is dedicated to this new frontier of BCI that we call MI BC-based computer interfaces highlighting the potential of BC features. This, jointly with DL as enabling technology, has the potential of improving the performance of electroencephalography-based systems.

A Systematic Review on Motor-Imagery Brain-Connectivity-Based Computer Interfaces

Brusini, L.;Stival, F.;Setti, F.;Menegaz, G.;Storti, S. F.
2021

Abstract

This review article discusses the definition and implementation of brain-computer interface (BCI) system relying on brain connectivity (BC) and machine learning/deep learning (DL) for motor imagery (MI)-based applications. During the past few years, many approaches have been explored in terms of types of neurological sources of information, feature extraction, and intention prediction for BCI applications. Two novel aspects are becoming increasingly interesting for the BCI community: BC modeling and DL. The former aims at describing the interactions among different brain regions as connectivity patterns that reflect the dynamics of information flow either at rest or when performing a task. The latter is becoming pervasive for its capability of modeling and predicting complex data, where a huge amount of information is involved. In this scenario, we conducted a systematic literature review on BCI studies that led to the selection of 34 articles meeting all the required criteria. This provides evidence of the rapid growth of the topic over the past few years, though being still in its infancy. The last part of this article is dedicated to this new frontier of BCI that we call MI BC-based computer interfaces highlighting the potential of BC features. This, jointly with DL as enabling technology, has the potential of improving the performance of electroencephalography-based systems.
Feature extraction
Brain modeling
Task analysis
Robot kinematics
Real-time systems
Particle measurements
Brain-computer interface (BCI)
brain connectivity (BC)
deep learning (DL)
electroencephalography (EEG)
machine learning (ML)
motor imagery (MI)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/1057660
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